Principal InvestigatorYoon; Ho Il The rapid collapse of ice shelf in West Antarctica due to recent global warming is contributing to the global sea-level rise. This project's objectives are to establish a monitoring system for ice shelf movements and to reconstruct past environmental changes in response to climate changes in ice shelf areas. The main research contents of this project are: 1) establishment of a long-term monitoring system (AMIGOS, GPS, sediment trap, etc.) for abrupt environmental changes of the ice shelf system in the Antarctic Peninsula; 2) reconstruction of late Quaternary ice shelf development using marine sediment and terrestrial samples and its relation to paleoclimatic changes; 3) reconstruction of paleoclimatic changes using paleoclimatic proxies of marine sediment in the ice shelf region and studies on glacier movements and paleo-bottomcurrent direction and intensity changes; and 4) marine biological/geochemical/photochemical examination of the role of meltwater or oceanic processes that influence ice shelf stability.
Principal InvestigatorNam; Seung-Il The purpose of this study is 1) Reconstruction of glacial history and paleoclimatic & paleoceanographic changes in the western Arctic Ocean; and 2) Submission of an international Joint-drilling proposal for drilling the Arctic continental margin using results acquired from RV Araon expeditions.
Principal InvestigatorKim; Hyun-cheol "SaTellite remote sensing on west Antarctic ocean Research (STAR)" project was launched in 2014 and completed in 2016. This study investigated the West Antarctic Ocean using remote sensing techniques and numerical models to understand the interaction between sea-ice and the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC). The project included the following research topics: 1) research on ACC frontal features and seaice dynamics using remote sensing and numerical modeling; 2) primary production monitoring using ocean color sensor; 3) monitoring pCO2 and net community production, and development of a remote sensing model; 4) development of remote sensing techniques for the cryosphere; and 5) investigation and development of remote sensing applications for multidisciplinary research in the polar region.
Principal InvestigatorKim, Seong-Joong The purpose of this study is to understand the mechanisms of climate change in the Antarctica and the Arctic through collaborative efforts between teams responsible for glaciers, atmospheric observation, and modeling, to conduct the reconstruction of past climate change records using ice core data, the quantification of current climate change using observations from the Arctic and the Antarctic base stations, and the application of such observational data to numerical models.
Principal InvestigatorJee; Geonhwa The purpose of this study is Investigation of the upper atmospheric changes via vertical coupling processes in the polar space environmnets including the lower and upper atmospheres (ionosphere), magnetosphere, and solar wind.
Principal InvestigatorHong; Jong Kuk This project aims to: 1) Study on the neotectonic activities and volcanism around Balleny islands and Adare Trough; 2)characteristics in Australian-Antarctic Ridges and Pacific-Antarctic Fracture Zone, Antarctica; and 3) Understanding the tectonic evolution of the West Antarctic Rift System (WARS) Located between East and West Antarctica, the West Antarctic Rift System (WARS) is the most noticeable tectonic feature in the Antarctica, and the largest continental rift system in the world. Despite its tectonic importance, studying WARS is difficult due to the overlain thick ice and sea ice. The region around the Balleny Islands and the Adare Trough is considered to be the extension of WARS from the Ross Sea. Therefore, the scientific results in this area can provide implications regarding the tectonic history and mechanics of WARS. The Australian-Antarctic Ridge (AAR) located at the extension of WARS has continued spreading after the cessation of the Adare Trough expansion, and its mantle characteristics are closely correlated to those around the Balleny Islands and the Adare Trough.
Principal InvestigatorKang; Sung-Ho The bi-polar oceans (the Arctic and the Antarctic) are globally linked, not only through the exchange of water and atmosphere but also by the fluxes and dispersal of flora and fauna between the two polar regions. Both regions are experiencing profound changes under the present warming conditions and are predicted to be even more highly impacted in future global changes. To understand how climate variability and change will affect these bipolar ocean systems, it is essential to understand the role as well as the mechanisms that link the biogeochemical, geological, and physical structure and transport processes between the Arctic and Antarctic Oceans. The Korean bipolar ocean program using R/V ARAON (K-PORT), funded by the Korean Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, has been developed to detect the changes of the structure and processes in the water column and subsurface in the Arctic (Bering, Chukchi, East Siberian and Beaufort Seas) and the Antarctic (Ross Sea) regions.
Principal InvestigatorLee; SangHoon The Amundsen Sea is at the center of the world's most rapidly warming area, where many believe the collapse of ice shelves and glaciers is simply a matter of time. The upwelling of warm deep-water into the continental shelf plays a significant role in this regard by melting the base of floating ice shelves, but the overall loss is a combined result of ocean-ice-atmosphere interaction. The objectives of KOPRI's Amundsen project are to assess the rapid changes in the ocean processes caused by the warming effect, by implementing an Earth observation system from space down to the deep sea. During phase one (2010-2016), this project investigated ocean circulation patterns and heat flux to the Antarctic coast, ecosystem structures and diversities, and biogeochemical cycles in the study area. In phase two (2017-2019), the project will focus on the ice shelf melting and retreat, the effect of meltwater discharge to the oceanic physical and chemical processes, and the subsequent changes in the biogeochemical processes and food web structure.
Principal InvestigatorYim; Joung Han The Antarctic and Arctic, located in opposite poles, are the coldest oceans of the earth as they are covered with iceberg all-year round. Geographically, the Arctic is surrounded by continents, whereas the Antarctic is connected to grand oceans. As such, unique but isolated marine ecosystems have evolved for more than 20 million years mainly due to the loop-like ocean current covering the gigantic Antarctic Continent. Thus, various species now inhabit the Antarctic. It is considered that the genetic engineering industry will be the dominant field in the 21st century. With the development of the materials industry, the K-POD business is expected to provide new in-demand materials for national genetic engineering projects. Particularly in-demand is metabolome, which displays a unique bio-function acquired through the survival of organisms under extreme environments such as the polar oceans.
Principal InvestigatorPark; Hyun Polar organisms have undergone a unique adaptive evolutionary process to adapt to extreme habitat environments. Exploring the inherent life phenomena of polar organisms provides key clues to understanding the origins of life's evolution and securing new life resources. This study obtained genomic information of polar representative organisms, which was used as the basis for the selection of genes that determine environmental adaptation and evolution in polar organisms. Proteome analysis was used to conduct the systematic interpretation of environmental adaptation of polar organisms.
Principal InvestigatorLee; Yookyung This project aims to: 1) understand the changes in the atmosphere, pedosphere, and biosphere along a glacial chronosequence and microtopography in the glacier foreland; and 2) conduct paleoenvironmental and geological, mineralogical, and geochemical research in Spitsbergen, Norway.
Principal InvestigatorHong; Soon Gyu The purpose of this study is to understand ecosystem changes of King George Island according to the climate change. The Barton Peninsula of King George Island, where the King Sejong Station is located, is a place composed of various geomorphological features including mountains and canyons, high-altitude steep areas and low-altitude flat areas. Areas of steep, high-altitude land are generally covered with stones, while flat, low-altitude areas are generally covered in soil. Snow remain patterns, water flow, soil water contents, sunlight exposure are affected by geomorphological features, which leads to highly diverse environmental conditions despite the small size of the Barton Peninsula. Each species of mosses and lichens exhibit different preference for light and water, and the terrestrial ecosystems of the Barton Peninsula are composed of diverse species of moss and lichen. Accurate information for geo-topology is a prerequisite to understand environmental conditions to which each species of moss and lichen are adapted, and to predict the potential results of climate change in the future.
Principal InvestigatorKim; Sanghee The purpose of this study is 1) Evaluation of environmental impacts and ecosystem changes caused by operation of Antarctic research stations; and 2) The obtaining of fundamental environmental data at the Antarctic Research stations and database construction. The study title and principle investigator in 2015 is " 'Comprehensive Environmental monitoring and construction of long-term environmental database in the Antarctic Research Stations/Kim, Jihee."
Principal InvestigatorYim; Joung Han The purpose of this study is Activation of polar biological researches by obtaining metabolites, defining living mechanisms, and commercialization of novel biomaterials from polar cold-adapted organisms.
Principal InvestigatorATCM Activity
Principal InvestigatorKorean Research Group of Polar Law
Principal InvestigatorPolar Forum (2011.05. - 2015.10.)
Principal InvestigatorPolar Breif (2015~Current)
Principal InvestigatorPolar Policy Weekly Briefing (극지정책주간브리핑, 2017~Current)
Principal InvestigatorPolar Wave (2013-2014)
Principal InvestigatorBooks published by KOPRI
Principal InvestigatorKOPRI ABSTRACTS (1985~Current)
Principal InvestigatorKOPRI Annual Reports
Principal InvestigatorResearch Project Leaflet
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