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Comprehensive study on soil bacterial community composition on Barton Peninsular and around Terra Nova Bay, Antarctica

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Title
Comprehensive study on soil bacterial community composition on Barton Peninsular and around Terra Nova Bay, Antarctica
Authors
Kim, Mincheol
Cho, Ahnna
Lim, Hyoun Soo
Hong, Soon Gyu
Kim, Ok-Sun
Subject
Bacteria; Barton Peninsular; Terra Nova Bay; physicochemical properties; 16S rRNA; Antarctica
Issue Date
2015
Citation
Kim, Mincheol., et al. 2015. Comprehensive study on soil bacterial community composition on Barton Peninsular and around Terra Nova Bay, Antarctica. International Meeting of the Federation of Korean Microbiological Societies. 2015.11.05.-06.
Abstract
Antarctica Perennially ice-covered lakes across McMurdo dry valleys are chemically stratified and characterized by their own distinct limnology and biogeochemistry. Despite the specialty of ecological features in these extreme environments, detailed information about what microbes reside and how they differ by different lakes and depths are still little understood. Here, we investigated bacterial diversity in five different ice-covered Antarctic lakes at a range of depths using 16S rRNA gene-based pyrosequencing. Although more similar compositions found towards upper layers, bacterial communities are overall distinctive to each lake and depth, with paralleling their unique biogeochemical characteristics. Surprisingly, certain bacterial lineages are exclusively confined to a specific depth of each lake. Candidate division WM88 occurred at 15 m depth of Lake Fryxell solely, while unknown lineages of Chlorobi are found only at the depth of 18 m in Lake Miers. The 30 m depth of East and West Lake Bonney was occupied by two distinct Firmicutes classes. Different size fractions and strong associations with various physicochemical variables give additional information about ecology and metabolic potential of these bacteria. These mysterious features would be consequences of their long-lasting adaptations to the extreme and unique environments of ice-covered lakes in Antarctica.Perennially ice-covered lakes across McMurdo dry valleys are chemically stratified and characterized by their own distinct limnology and biogeochemistry. Despite the specialty of ecological features in these extreme environments, detailed information about what microbes reside and how they differ by different lakes and depths are still little understood. Here, we investigated bacterial diversity in five different ice-covered Antarctic lakes at a range of depths using 16S rRNA gene-based pyrosequencing. Although more similar compositions found towards upper layers, bacterial communities are overall distinctive to each lake and depth, with paralleling their unique biogeochemical characteristics. Surprisingly, certain bacterial lineages are exclusively confined to a specific depth of each lake. Candidate division WM88 occurred at 15 m depth of Lake Fryxell solely, while unknown lineages of Chlorobi are found only at the depth of 18 m in Lake Miers. The 30 m depth of East and West Lake Bonney was occupied by two distinct Firmicutes classes. Different size fractions and strong associations with various physicochemical variables give additional information about ecology and metabolic potential of these bacteria. These mysterious features would be consequences of their long-lasting adaptations to the extreme and unique environments of ice-covered lakes in Antarctica.Perennially ice-covered lakes across McMurdo dry valleys are chemically stratified and characterized by their own distinct limnology and biogeochemistry. Despite the specialty of ecological features in these extreme environments, detailed information about what microbes reside and how they differ by different lakes and depths are still little understood. Here, we investigated bacterial diversity in five different ice-covered Antarctic lakes at a range of depths using 16S rRNA gene-based pyrosequencing. Although more similar compositions found towards upper layers, bacterial communities are overall distinctive to each lake and depth, with paralleling their unique biogeochemical characteristics. Surprisingly, certain bacterial lineages are exclusively confined to a specific depth of each lake. Candidate division WM88 occurred at 15 m depth of Lake Fryxell solely, while unknown lineages of Chlorobi are found only at the depth of 18 m in Lake Miers. The 30 m depth of East and West Lake Bonney was occupied by two distinct Firmicutes classes. Different size fractions and strong associations with various physicochemical variables give additional information about ecology and metabolic potential of these bacteria
Conference Name
International Meeting of the Federation of Korean Microbiological Societies
Conference Place
Ilsan
Conference Date
2015.11.05.-06.
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