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Variability of ADCP Backscattering Signals Captured by Long-Term Moorings: Amundsen Shelf, Antarctica

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Title
Variability of ADCP Backscattering Signals Captured by Long-Term Moorings: Amundsen Shelf, Antarctica
Authors
Ha, Ho Kyung
La, Hyoung Sul
Kim, Tae-Wan
Anna, K. Wahlin
Shin, Hyoung Chul
Subject
ADCP; Acoustic backscatter; Amundsen Sea
Issue Date
2015
Citation
Ha, Ho Kyung., et al. 2015. Variability of ADCP Backscattering Signals Captured by Long-Term Moorings: Amundsen Shelf, Antarctica. International Symposium on Polar Sciences, KOPRI, Incheon. 2015.05.19.-20.
Abstract
Using a series of bottom-moored, upward-looking acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs), high-temporal resolution profiles of acoustic backscatter were collected in the Amundsen Shelf. All mooring systems with ADCP have been installed and recovered by a coherent international collaboration between Korea and Sweden. The long-term (4 years) time series of mooring data was analyzed to investigate the seasonal and interannual variabilities in sea ice concentration (SIC) and Circumpolar Deep Water (CDW) thickness on acoustic backscatter. The depth of maximum mean volume backscattering strength (MVBS) showed a significant correlation with SIC and CDW thickness. From 2010 through 2014 year, the MVBS measured by ADCP gradually decreased, which corresponded to the decreading trend of Chl-a. The daily cycle in the vertical distribution of acoustic backscatter varied distinctly with changing surface ice conditions. When sea ice cover was low, acoustic backscatter was associated with sunlight’s daily cycle. The acoustic backscatter descended and ascended at sunrise and sunset, respectively. In contrast, when sea ice cover was high, high acoustic backscatter remained near the bottom. During the presentation, in-depth discussion on how the external forcings (e.g., wind, SIC, and current) can control the vertical motion of backscatter strengths and their seasonal and interannul variabilities will be dealt with.
Conference Name
The 21st International Symposium on Polar Sciences
Conference Place
KOPRI, Incheon
Conference Date
2015.05.19-20.
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