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Biogeochemical characteristics of nutrients, dissolved and particulate organic matters in the Amundsen Sea

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Title
Biogeochemical characteristics of nutrients, dissolved and particulate organic matters in the Amundsen Sea
Authors
Jung, Jinyoung
Ha, Sun-Yong
Yang, Eun Jin
Shin, Kyung-Hoon
Lee, SangHoon
Issue Date
2015
Citation
Jung, Jinyoung, et al. 2015. Biogeochemical characteristics of nutrients, dissolved and particulate organic matters in the Amundsen Sea. 26th IUGG General Assembly 2015,. Praha. 2015.06.25.-07.02.
Abstract
The Amundsen Sea is one of the regions where ice sheet thinning is the fastest in Antarctica, which is mainly attributed to the intrusion of Circumpolar Deep Water (CDW) through deep troughs onto the Antarctic continental shelf. In addition, the Amundsen polynya is the most productive among those identified along the Antarctic coast. These features make the Amundsen Sea an ideal location to monitor the influence of environmental changes on marine biogeochemical cycles. Nevertheless, no study has been carried out over this region to investigate carbon and nitrogen biogeochemical cycles, simultaneously. Seawater samples were collected over the Amundsen Sea in January 2014 aboard IBRV Araon, and analyzed for nutrients (NO3, PO4, NH4, SiO2), dissolved and particulate organic carbon (DOC and POC) and nitrogen (DON and PON). Despite the exceedingly high biological production in the Amundsen polynya, NO3 and PO4 in surface water were not depleted, suggesting that remineralization is fast enough to maintain their concentrations, and/or that biological production is limited by other factors such as iron. DOC and POC concentrations ranged from 38 - 73 μM C and < 1-60 μM C, respectively. Both POC and DOC concentrations increased in the upper 100 m of the water column. However, below 100 m POC concentration remained low (< 3 μM C) when DOC concentration varied from 38-69 μM C. Likewise, DON concentrations deeper than 100 m increased by 7 μM N while NO3 concentrations were distributed homogeneously. These results suggest that the biological drawdown of inorganic nutrients result in the net production of organic matter in the upper 100 m, and that sinking particle flux would be low because of remineralization of particulate matter by grazing and microbial activity.
Conference Name
26th IUGG General Assembly 2015,
Conference Place
Praha
Conference Date
2015.06.25.-07.02
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