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Immune gene discovery in the crucian carp Carassius auratus

Cited 6 time in scopus
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Title
Immune gene discovery in the crucian carp Carassius auratus
Authors
Rhee, Jae-Sung
Jeong, Chang-Bum
Kim, Duck-Hyun
Kim, Il-Chan
Lee, Yong Sung
Lee, Chulwoo
Lee, Jae-Seong
Subject
Immunology; Marine & Freshwater Biology; Veterinary Sciences
Keywords
Crucian carp; Carassius auratus; Pyrosequencing; Immune-relevant genes; Fisheries
Issue Date
2014
Citation
Rhee, Jae-Sung, et al. 2014. "Immune gene discovery in the crucian carp Carassius auratus". Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 36: 240-251.
Abstract
The crucian carp Carassius auratus (Cyprinidae) is one of the important fish species in aquaculture. Although the crucian carp has several economic benefits, their immune system and gene information have not been investigated in depth as yet. Here, we performed the transcriptome analysis of C. auratus using the pyrosequencing method and selected several immune-related genes. Of unigenes obtained in this species, we identified a number of immune system-related genes (e.g. adhesive protein, antimicrobial protein, apoptosis- and cell cycle-related protein, cellular defense effector, immune regulator, pattern recognition protein, protease, protease inhibitor, reduction/oxidation-related protein, signal transduction-related protein and stress protein) that are potentially useful for studies on fish immunity. To be of public and practical use, we designed primer pairs of each gene from the crucian carp for realtime RT-PCR application and tested the amplicon identity of entire gene sets with the total RNA sample. For comparative analysis, we measured tissue-preferential transcript profiles of selected genes. This study will be helpful to extend our knowledge on the immune system of the crucian carp in comparative aspects and to develop the crucian carp as a potential model organism for aquatic quality monitoring in fish farming.
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2013.11.009
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