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Construction of transcriptome databases of the Antarctic native angiosperms which have adapted to the extreme environments

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Title
Construction of transcriptome databases of the Antarctic native angiosperms which have adapted to the extreme environments
Authors
Kang, Yoonjee
Lee, Hyoungseok
Park, Hyun
Lee, Jungeun
Keywords
Antarctic; Colobanthus quitensis; Antarctic Land plants; Deschampsia antarctica; Genomic; Antarctic native angiosperms
Issue Date
2015
Citation
Kang, Yoonjee, et al. 2015. Construction of transcriptome databases of the Antarctic native angiosperms which have adapted to the extreme environments. 22 Adaptive and non-adaptive evolution of gene expression and regulation. Vienna. 2015.07.12.-16.
Abstract
Land plants are often exposed to unfavorable conditions for growth. Extreme temperatures, drought, high salinity and high-UV radiance, are typical environmental stress factors that inhibit the growth and development of plant and these environmental stress can alter cellular structures and cause damage to the physiological functions. The Antarctic is one of the toughest environment for living life to survive. Because of the harsh natural conditions, an extremely small number of species has been survived and only two native angiosperms are present, Colobanthus quitensis (Kunth) Bartl. (Caryophyllaceae) and Deschampsia antarctica Desv. (Poaceae). Despite they have been studied as an extremophile that has succesfully adapted to marginal land, limited genetic research has focused on these due to the lack of genomic resources. Here, we present the results of deep transcriptome sequencing of D.antarctica and C.quitensis. Total sequence reads were assembled into 90,446 unigenes with 929bp of average length for D.antarctica and 95,010 unigenes with 1,300 bp of average length for C.quitensis. Assembled sequences were annotated based on homology to genes in multiple public databases. Differential expression analysis revealed that genes have significant different transcripts levels between field-grown plants and laboratory-grown plants. In the differentially expressed gene groups, the gene ontology terms: response to stimulus, response to stress, photosynthesis and carbohydrate metabolic process, were significantly enriched. Through the comparative analysis with the abiotic stress-transcriptomes of other species, we identified that the UV-B responsive gene sets, previous reported in model plants, are highly expressed in the field-grown plants exposed to high solar UV-B radiation in Antarctica.
Conference Name
22 Adaptive and non-adaptive evolution of gene expression and regulation
Conference Place
Vienna
Conference Date
2015.07.12.-16
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