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Microzooplankton community structure and grazing impact on major phytoplankton in the Chukchi sea and the western Canada basin, Arctic ocean

Cited 4 time in scopus
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Title
Microzooplankton community structure and grazing impact on major phytoplankton in the Chukchi sea and the western Canada basin, Arctic ocean
Authors
Yang, Eun Jin
Ha, Ho Kyung
Kang, Sung-Ho
Subject
Oceanography
Keywords
Microzooplankton; Grazing rate; Growthrate; Chukchi Sea; Canada Basin; Araon
Issue Date
2015
Citation
Yang, Eun Jin, Ha, Ho Kyung, Kang, Sung-Ho. 2015. "Microzooplankton community structure and grazing impact on major phytoplankton in the Chukchi sea and the western Canada basin, Arctic ocean". Deep-Sea Research II, 120: 91-102.
Abstract
We investigated the microzooplankton community and its grazing impact on major phytoplankton groups in the Chukchi Sea and in the western Canada Basin during the period July?August 2010. The study area was divided into three regions based on topography, hydrographic properties and trophic conditions: (1) a productive region over the Chukchi Sea shelf (CSS) with high phytoplankton biomass dominated by diatoms, (2) an oligotrophic region over the Northwind Abyssal Plain (NwAP) with low phytoplankton biomass dominated by picophytoplankton, and (3) the Northwind Ridge (NwR), over which waters were dominated by picophytoplankton and diatoms. The spatial distribution of microzooplankton biomass and its composition were related to differences in phytoplankton biomass and assemblage composition in the three water masses. Heterotrophic dinoflagellates (HDF) and ciliates were significant components of microzooplankton populations. Athecate HDF was the most important component in the CSS, where diatoms were dominant. Naked ciliates were dominant microzooplankton in the NwR. Microzooplankton grazing rate varied by the assemblage composition of both phytoplankton and microzooplankton. Microzooplankton was capable of consuming an average of 71.7±17.2% of daily phytoplankton production. Growth rates of smaller phytoplankton (i.e., picophytoplankton and autotrophic nanoflagellates) and grazing rates on them were higher than rates for diatoms. Microzooplankton grazed more on picophytoplankton (PP grazed=89.3±20.5%) and autotrophic nanoflagellates (PP grazed=82.3±22.5%) than on diatoms (PP grazed=62.5±20.5%). The dynamics of predator and prey populations were almost balanced in waters in which smaller phytoplanktons were dominant. Picophytoplankton production was consumed by microzooplankton allowing transfer to larger consumers. On average, microzooplankton grazed 62.5% of the diatom production in the waters we studied, indicating that the classical food chain (with carbon flux from diatoms to copepods) is likely operational and of significance in this region. Overall, microzooplankton grazing was an important process controlling phytoplankton biomass and composition in the Chukchi Sea and the western Canada Basin during early summer.
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.05.020
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