A Novel Adenovirus in Chinstrap Penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica) in Antarctica
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- A Novel Adenovirus in Chinstrap Penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica) in Antarctica
- Lee, Sook-Young
Park, Yon Mi
Shin, Ok Sarah
- Adenovirus; Siadenovirus; Chinstrap penguin; Antarctica
- Issue Date
- Lee, Sook-Young, et al. 2014. "A Novel Adenovirus in Chinstrap Penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica) in Antarctica". Viruses, 6: 2052-2061.
- Adenoviruses (family Adenoviridae) infect various organ systems and cause diseases in a wide range of host species. In this study, we examined multiple tissues from Chinstrap penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica), collected in Antarctica during 2009 and 2010, for the presence of novel adenoviruses by PCR. Analysis of a 855-bp region of the hexon gene of a newly identified adenovirus, designated Chinstrap penguin adenovirus 1 (CSPAdV-1), showed nucleotide (amino acid) sequence identity of 71.8% (65.5%) with South Polar skua 1 (SPSAdV-1), 71% (70%) with raptor adenovirus 1 (RAdV-1), 71.4% (67.6%) with turkey adenovirus 3 (TAdV-3) and 61% (61.6%) with frog adenovirus 1 (FrAdV-1). Based on the genetic and phylogenetic analyses, CSPAdV-1 was classified as a member of the genus, Siadenovirus. Virus isolation attempts from kidney homogenates in the MDTC-RP19 (ATCC® CRL-8135™) cell line were unsuccessful. In conclusion, this study provides the first evidence of new adenovirus species in Antarctic penguins.
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