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Estimation of POC Export Fluxes Using 234Th/238U Disequilibria in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica

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Title
Estimation of POC Export Fluxes Using 234Th/238U Disequilibria in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica
Preliminary Result
Authors
Kim, Mi Seon
Choi, Man Sik
Lee, Sang Heon
Lee, SangHoon
Rhee, Tae Siek
Hahm, Doshik
Subject
Oceanography
Keywords
Amundsen Sea; 234Th/238U disequilibria; Particulate organic carbon export flux; Export efficiency; Araon
Issue Date
2014
Citation
Kim, Mi Seon, et al. 2014. "Estimation of POC Export Fluxes Using 234Th/238U Disequilibria in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica". 「The Sea」Journal of the Korean Society of Oceanography,, 19: 109-124.
Abstract
In order to understand the carbon cycle in the Amundsen Sea o f the Southem Ocean, the export t1uxes o f particulate organic carbon from the euphotic zone to deep water estimated using 234Th238U disequilibrium method. Seawaters in 14 water columns were collected during February and March 2012, and analyzed for total and dis- solved and organic carbon. Total 234Th activities in the water column showed deficiency and excess relative to those of 238U depending on the water depth. Deficiency of total in the euphotic zone showed mirror images both with chlorophyll-a and f1uorescence, and was consistent with the loss of nitrate, which indicated the effect ofbiological activity. In addition,deficiency of total 234Th from deep water was associated with the increase oftotal dissolvable Fe/Mn concentration. Excess total 234Th activity below the euphotic zone might be related to 234Th concentrated in this water depth. Mean export flux of 234Th estimated using the steady state model was 867 ± 246 dpm m-2day-1 Mean export flux of particulate organic carbon, which were estimated by the product of total 234Th flux and ratio of POC/234Th (7.08 ± 4.27 umol C dpm-1)in the sinking particles, was 5.9 ± 3.9 mmol C m-2day-1. These fluxes were similar levels to those in the Weddell Sea during February and March 2008. Export ratios (ThE) relative to the primary production in the euphotic zone were in the range o f3-54% (av. 28%).
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.7850/jkso.2014.19.2.109
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