An approach to bioassess pelagic ciliate biodiversity at different taxonomic resolutions in response to various habitats in the Amundsen Sea (Antarctica)
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- An approach to bioassess pelagic ciliate biodiversity at different taxonomic resolutions in response to various habitats in the Amundsen Sea (Antarctica)
- Jiang, Yong
Yang, Eun Jin
- Biodiversity & Conservation; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
- Biodiversity; Pelagic ciliates; Taxonomic; Sufficiency; Environmental variability; Amundsen Sea; Araon
- Issue Date
- Jiang, Yong., et al. 2016. An approach to bioassess pelagic ciliate biodiversity at different taxonomic resolutions in response to various habitats in the Amundsen Sea (Antarctica). POLAR BIOLOGY, 39(3): 485-495.
- The rapid melting of glaciers and loss of sea ice will result in changes in habitat conditions that may drive substantial changes in biodiversity. In order to bioassess the changing polar ecosystem and evaluate biological
conservation, pelagic ciliate communities at different taxonomic resolutions were studied at five habitats in the Amundsen Sea during the austral summer from December 2010 to January 2011. Distinctive spatial patterns were
observed in the communities among the five habitats (oceanic areas, transitional areas, polynyas, edges of glaciers, and edges of sea ice) in response to environmental variability (e.g., temperature, salinity, chlorophyll a, and nutrients). The distributions in the numbers of different taxonomic levels and of three biodiversity indices (Shannon-Wiener H', Pielou’s J', and Margalef D) also revealed clear spatial variability with the maximum mean species
number and indices in the polynya and maximum genus and family numbers in the transitional area. The presence/absence of data at taxonomic resolutions up to the family level provided sufficient information to evaluate the ecological patterns of pelagic ciliate communities and could accurately reflect habitat variations. The k-dominance curves illustrated clearly that maximum diversity was
presented in the polynya at the species level and in the transitional area at the genus and family level. We suggest that the diversity at higher taxonomic resolutions should be considered more in future monitoring. Our findings provide basic data and an approach toward answering important questions about biological conservation, especially the biodiversity at various taxonomic resolutions in response to the increasing climate changes in polar ecosystems.
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