Biomass, production, and control of heterotrophic bacterioplankton during a late phytoplankton bloom in the Amundsen Sea Polynya, Antarctica
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- Biomass, production, and control of heterotrophic bacterioplankton during a late phytoplankton bloom in the Amundsen Sea Polynya, Antarctica
- Hyun, Jung-Ho
Yang, Eun Jin
- Bacterial production; Microbial loop; Amundsen Sea; Polynya; Phaeocystis bloom; Araon
- Issue Date
- Hyun, Jung-Ho., et al. 2016. Biomass, production, and control of heterotrophic bacterioplankton during a late phytoplankton bloom in the Amundsen Sea Polynya, Antarctica. Deep-Sea ResearchII, 123: 102-112.
- We investigated the heterotrophic bacterial biomass and production in February 2012, in four habitats (a polynya, sea-ice zone, ice shelf, and the open sea) in the Amundsen Sea to determine the spatial distribution, controlling
factors, and ecological role of the bacteria during a late phytoplankton bloom by Phaeocystis antarctica. Bacterial abundance (BA) and production (BP) were highest at the center of the polynya, and both were significantly
correlated with phytoplankton biomass. BP accounted for average 17% of the organic carbon produced by phy-toplankton primary production (PP), which is higher than the average BP:PP ratio reported in most open ocean.
The abundance of heterotrophic nanoflagellates (HNF) was correlated with the BA, and the average bacteria:HNF ratio (260) was lower than the values reported in most marine environments (400-1000), including the Ross Sea
Polynya (800). Evidence for a tight coupling of bacteria and phytoplankton activities on the one hand and intense HNF grazing on bacteria on the other could be found in the high BP:PP and low bacteria:HNF ratios, respectively.
Interestingly, these data were accompanied by low particulate carbon export fluxes measured during the late Phaeocystis bloom. Together, these results indicated that the microbial loop plays a significant role in the bio-
geochemical carbon cycle and food web processes in the Amundsen Sea Polynya.
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