Analysis of the timing of phase changes in the chlorophyll concentration in the East/Japan Sea
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- Analysis of the timing of phase changes in the chlorophyll concentration in the East/Japan Sea
- Jo, Young-Heon
- Chlorophyll concentration; Satellite remote sensing; non-lenier trends
- Issue Date
- Jo, Young-Heon, et al. 2016. "Analysis of the timing of phase changes in the chlorophyll concentration in the East/Japan Sea". CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH, 127(1): 1-11.
- Geographically heterogeneous linear and non-linear chlorophyll-a (CHL) trends in the East Sea/Japan Sea (EJS) region were analyzed based on monthly mean Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) CHL data from January 2003 to December 2012. The non-linear trends were derived from the residuals of decomposed CHL time series using ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD). To understand the general spatial and temporal variability of the non-linear CHL trends, a complex empirical orthogonal function (CEOF) was employed. The first two CEOF modes indicate that an upward CHL trend occurred in 2007 with 95.6% variance, whereas a downward CHL trend occurred in 2009 with 4.1% variance. Furthermore, the specific timing of the phase changes in CHL was calculated based on upward or downward non-linear trends of CHL for six major regions of interests. To examine the dominant forces in phase changes in CHL, the Multivariate El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Index (MEI) was used. We determined that the local turning patterns of CHL over the last ten years were closely related to changes in ENSO events, which were also associated with changes in the total amount of fish catches off the east coast of the Korean Peninsula. These results also suggest that the short-term total amount of fish catches may be predictable based on the remotely sensed non-linear CHL observations.
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