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Head segmentation of trilobites

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Title
Head segmentation of trilobites
Other Titles
삼엽충의 머리 마디 구조
Authors
Park, Tae-Yoon S.
Kim, Ji-Hoon
Subject
Paleontology
Keywords
head; segmentation; trilobite
Issue Date
2017
Citation
Park, Tae-Yoon S., Kim, Ji-Hoon. 2017. "Head segmentation of trilobites". LETHAIA, 50(1): 1-6.
Abstract
Although trilobites have provided research subjects for more than two centuries, their head segmentation has remained unresolved. Four glabellar furrows (SO and S1?S3) marking the segmental boundaries are generally present in the cephalic axis, but there are trilobites with one more pair of furrows, the so-called ‘S4’, in the cephalic axis, causing confusion in understanding trilobite head segmentation. Recent advances in developmental biology and palaeontology have shed light on the arthropod head problem, and thus trilobite head segmentation can be reviewed in the light of this knowledge. Based on the information from the anatomy of exceptionally preserved trilobites and artiopodans closely-related to trilobites, it is inferred that trilobite head contains five segments: i.e. the anteriormost ocular segment potentially associated with the hypostome, the antennal segment, and the following three segments with walking legs. When present, the S4 furrows are situated where the eye ridges meet the cephalic axis of trilobites, indicating that the furrows are incised ‘within’ the anteriormost segment in trilobites with an anteriorly enlarged frontal lobe. Trilobites of the Order Redlichiida, the most primitive stock, show variable conditions in the frontal glabellar conditions, while in other more derived groups the condition is rather constant. The frontal glabellar condition, therefore, could provide a clue to elucidate the unresolved Cambrian trilobite phylogeny, and to the Cambrian roots of the post-Cambrian trilobites.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/5845
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/let.12187
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