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Grounding Line Change of Ronne Ice Shelf,West Antarctica, from 1996 to 2015 Observedby using DDInSAR

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Title
Grounding Line Change of Ronne Ice Shelf,West Antarctica, from 1996 to 2015 Observedby using DDInSAR
Other Titles
영상레이더 이중차분간섭기법으로 관측된 1996-2015년 사이의 서남극 Ronne 빙붕의 지반선 변화
Authors
Han, Soojeong
Lee, Hoonyol
Han, Hyangsun
Keywords
2004 MOA; DDInSAR; ERS-1/2; Grounding line; Sentinel-1A
Issue Date
2018
Citation
Han, Soojeong, Lee, Hoonyol, Han, Hyangsun. 2018. "Grounding Line Change of Ronne Ice Shelf,West Antarctica, from 1996 to 2015 Observedby using DDInSAR". Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, 34(1): 17-24.
Abstract
Grounding line of a glacier or ice shelf where ice bottom meets the ocean is sensitive to changes in the polar environment. Recent rapid changes of grounding lines have been observed especially in southwestern Antarctica due to global warming. In this study, ERS-1/2 and Sentinel-1A Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image were interferometrically acquired in 1996 and 2015, respectively, to monitor the movement of the grounding line in the western part of Ronne Ice Shelf near the Antarctic peninsula. Double-Differential Interferometric SAR (DDInSAR) technique was applied to remove gravitational flow signal to detect grounding line from the interferometric phase due to the vertical displacement of the tide. The result showed that ERS-1/2 grounding lines are almost consistent with those from Rignot et al. (2011) which used the similar dataset, confirming the credibility of the data processing. The comparison of ERS-1/2 and Sentinle-1A DDInSAR images showed a grounding line retreat of 1.0 ± 0.1 km from 1996 to 2015. It is also proved that the grounding lines based on the 2004 MODIS Mosaic of Antarctica (MOA) images and digital elevation model searching for ice plain near coastal area (Scambos et al., 2017), is not accurate enough especially where there is a ice plain with no tidal motion.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/5918
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.7780/kjrs.2018.34.1.2
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