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Characterization of the gene for the light-harvesting peridinin-chlorophyll-protein of Alexandrium tamarense

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Title
Characterization of the gene for the light-harvesting peridinin-chlorophyll-protein of Alexandrium tamarense
Other Titles
페리디닌 엽록소 단백질 형성 유전자 연구
Authors
Lee, S.Y.
Kang, Sung-Ho
Jin, EonSeon
Subject
Plant Sciences; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Keywords
chlorophyll; peridinin; protein
Issue Date
2005
Citation
Lee, S.Y., Kang, Sung-Ho, Jin, EonSeon. 2005. "Characterization of the gene for the light-harvesting peridinin-chlorophyll-protein of Alexandrium tamarense". JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, 15(5): 1094-1099.
Abstract
Photosynthetic dinoflagellates contain a water-soluble, light-harvesting antenna called the peridinin-chlorophyll-protein (PCP) complex, which has an apoprotein with no sequence similarity to other known proteins. There are two forms of PCP apoproteins;the 15-kDa short form and the 32- to 35-kDa long form. The present study describes the PCP protein and its cDNA from Alexandrium tamarense. A cDNA library was constructed from mRNA isolated from A. tamarense. The complete PCP cDNA was generated by reverse-transcription coupled to polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), together with rapid-amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The A. tamarense PCP cDNA encoded a 55-amino acid signal peptide and a 313-amino acid mature protein with a calculated mass of 32 kDa, which corresponded to that of the long form of PCP. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the sequence of A. tamarense PCP did not cluster with the short-form PCPs, to which it was only about 55% identical, but which were 79-83% identical to other long-form PCPs. The deduced amino acid sequence of A. tamarense PCP contains an internal duplication, which suggests the possibility that long-form PCPs arose by gene duplication or by the fusion of genes encoding the short form. The abundance of PCP mRNA changed substantially in response to different light conditions, indicating the possible existence of a photo-acclimation response in A. tamarense.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/5940
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