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Distribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon at Kongsfjorden in Spitsbergen, Svalbard Islands

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Title
Distribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon at Kongsfjorden in Spitsbergen, Svalbard Islands
Other Titles
북극 스발바드군도 스피츠베르겐섬 콩스피요르드에서의 다환 방향족 탄화수소화합물의 분포 특성
Authors
Ahn, In-Young
Ha, Sung Yong
Kim, Gi Beum
Choi, Heeseon J.
Subject
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Keywords
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon; Brown algae; Sediment; Petroleum; Arctic
Issue Date
2004
Citation
Ahn, In-Young, et al. 2004. "Distribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon at Kongsfjorden in Spitsbergen, Svalbard Islands". Journal of the Environmental Sciences, 13(9): 819-826.
Abstract
In order to elucidate the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentration and its origin in arctic area, four arctic brown algae (Laminaria saccharina, L. digita, Alaria esculenta, Desmarestia aculeata), one marine invertebrate (Echinoidea) and sediments were collected from Kongsfjorden in Spitsbergen from the late July to early August, 2003. In case of macroalgae, the young blade part above growth point and the old stipes and blades beneath growth point were separated and analyzed for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in an attempt to check the mechanism of uptake in macroalgae to accumulate PAH. There was no difference in PAH concentrations between sampling sites (Stations B and C), species, and blades beneath and above growth point. PAH concentrations in all samples collected in this study were relatively higher than those reported in other areas of arctic. Especially, station C, which is known as an unpolluted area, showed 10 times higher PAH concentration (8,765 ng/g) in sediment than station A (694 ng/g) around harbor. In addition high PAH concentration, station C had very higher proportion of methylated PAH to parent PAH in sediment than station A. Source analysis using PAH isomer pair ratios as indicators showed that Kongsfjorden area seemed to be relatively contaminated with PAH derived from direct petroleum input.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/5974
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