Lessons from the Sea: Complete Genome Sequence of a Marine Bacterium Hahella chehuensis and Its Algicidal Pigment
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- Lessons from the Sea: Complete Genome Sequence of a Marine Bacterium Hahella chehuensis and Its Algicidal Pigment
- Other Titles
- 적조살상 해양미생물 하헬라 JeJu엔시스의 유전체 구조
- Jeong, Haeyoung
Kim, Ji Hyun
Lee, Hong Kum
Yoon, Sung Ho
- Hahella chejuensis; Harmful algal bloom (HAB); algicidal compound; genome sequencing; prodigiosin
- Issue Date
- Jeong, Haeyoung, et al. 2006. "Lessons from the Sea: Complete Genome Sequence of a Marine Bacterium Hahella chehuensis and Its Algicidal Pigment". Korean J. Microbiol. Biotechnol, 34(1): 1-6.
- Harmful algal blooms (HABs or red tides), caused by uncontrolled proliferation of marine phytoplankton, impose a severe environmental problem and occasionally threaten even public health. We found that an EPS-producing bacterium Hahella chejuensis isolated from a marine sediment sample also produces a red pigment that kills red-tide dinoflagellates at the parts per billion level. H. chejuensis is the first sequenced species among algicidal bacteria as well as in the order Oceanospirillales. Sequence analysis showed a distant relationship to the Pseudomonas group. Its 7.2-megabase genome encodes basic metabolic functions and a large number of proteins involved in regulation or transport. One of the prominent features of the H. chejuensis genome is a multitude of genes of functional equivalence or of possible foreign origin. A significant proportion (~23%) of the genome appears to be of foreign origin, i.e. genomic islands, which encode genes for biosynthesis of exopolysaccharides, toxins, polyketides or non-ribosomal peptides, iron utilization, motility, type III protein secretion and pigment production. Molecular structure of the algicidal pigment was determined to be prodigiosin by LC-ESI-MS/MS and NMR analyses. Our work suggests a new possibility for controlling algal blooms by exploiting biotic interactions in the natural environment and provides a research model in marine bioprospecting through genome research.
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