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Lithogenic and biogenic particle deposition in an Antarctic coastal environment (Marian Cove, King George Island): Seasonal patterns from a sediment trap study

Cited 17 time in scopus
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Title
Lithogenic and biogenic particle deposition in an Antarctic coastal environment (Marian Cove, King George Island): Seasonal patterns from a sediment trap study
Other Titles
남극 킹조지섬 마리안소만 연안 암석기원 및 생물기원 입자 퇴적 양상 연구: 퇴적물 트랩 연구를 통한 계절 변화
Authors
Keun, Khim Boo
KANG, YOUNG CHUL
Yoon, Ho Il
Shim, J.
Subject
Marine & Freshwater Biology; Oceanography
Keywords
Marian Cove; lithogenic particle; meltwater; phytoplankton diatom; sediment trap
Issue Date
2007
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Keun, Khim Boo, et al. 2007. "Lithogenic and biogenic particle deposition in an Antarctic coastal environment (Marian Cove, King George Island): Seasonal patterns from a sediment trap study". ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE, 73(1-2): 111-122.
Abstract
Particulate suspended material was recovered over a 23-month period using two sediment traps deployed in shallow water (~30m deep) off the King Sejong Station located in Marian Cove of King George Island, West Antarctica. Variability in seasonal flux and geochemical characteristics of the sediment particles highlights seasonal patterns of sedimentation of both lithogenic (terrigenous) and biogenic particles in the coastal glaciomarine environment. All components including total mass flux, lithogenic particle flux and biogenic particle flux show distinct seasonal variation, with high recovery rates during the summer and low rates under winter fast ice. The major contributor to total mass flux is the lithogenic component, comprising form 88% during the summer months (about 21 g m-2 d-1) up to 97% during the winter season (about 2 g m-2 d-1). The lithogenic particle flux depends mainly on the amount of snow-melt (snow accumulation) delivered into the coastal region as well as on the resuspension of sedimentary materials. These fine-grained lithogenic particles are silt-to-clay sized, composed mostly of clay materials weathered on King George Island. Biogenic particle flux is also seasonal. Winter flux is ~0.2 g m-2 d-1, whereas the sunner contribution increases more than tenfold, up to 2.6 g m-2 d-1. Different biogenic flux between the two summers indicates inter-annual variability to the spring-summer phytoplankton bloom. The maximum of lithogenic particle flux occurs over a short period of time, and follows the peak of biogenic particle flux, which lasts longer. The seasonal warming and sea-ice retreat result in change in seawater nutrient status and subsequent ice-edge phytoplankton production. Meanwhile, the meltwater input to Marian Cove from the coastal drainage in January to February plays a major role in transporting lithogenic particles into the shallow water environment, although the tidal currents may be the main agents of resuspension in this kind of shelte
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6034
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2006.12.015
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