KOPRI Repository

Distribution of net community production and surface pCO2 in the Scotia Sea, Antarctica, during austral spring 2001

Cited 10 time in scopus
Metadata Downloads
Title
Distribution of net community production and surface pCO2 in the Scotia Sea, Antarctica, during austral spring 2001
Other Titles
2001년 하계 남극 스코티아해에서 순생물생산과 표층 이산화탄소분압 분포
Authors
KANG, YOUNG CHUL
Kim, Dongseon
Shim, J.
Choi, Sang-Haeng
Subject
Chemistry; Oceanography
Keywords
Antarctica; CO2 flux; Carbon cycle; Net Community Production; Scotia Sea
Issue Date
2006
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
KANG, YOUNG CHUL, et al. 2006. "Distribution of net community production and surface pCO2 in the Scotia Sea, Antarctica, during austral spring 2001". MARINE CHEMISTRY, 101(1-2): 68-84.
Abstract
Surface and water column measurements of pCO2, alkalinity, and nutrients were made in the Scotia Sea in December 2001. From 54°S to 60°S along 52°W, pCO2, TCO2, and nutrients in surface seawater increased southward. The pCO2 concentration ranged from 370 ?atm in the north to 420 ?atm in the south and increased abruptly across the Polar and Scotia fronts by about 10?20 ?atm. Net community production values from the preceding winter to the observation time were calculated at stations south of the Polar Front;values ranged from 1.0?1.2 mol m-2 and were comparable to other Southern Ocean measurements in summer, in or during an algal bloom. Processes affecting the surface pCO2 distribution (e.g., thermodynamical change, air?sea exchange, biological production, and physical mixing) were evaluated from the preceding winter to the observation time at the stations. Seasonal warming increased surface pCO2 at rates of 0.08 to 0.27 ?atm d-1;the highest values were observed at the station closest to the Polar Front. The air?sea exchange decreased surface pCO2 at rates of -0.08 to -0.23 ?atm d-1, suggesting that the area around the study stations acted as a weak CO2 source during the study period. The surface pCO2 variation caused by biological production was -0.24 to -0.30 ?atm d-1 and was high south of the Scotia Front, where concentrations of chlorophyll a, biomass, and particulate Fe were relatively high. Physical mixing promoted an increase of 0.16 to 0.47 ?atm d-1 in surface pCO2, a substantial contribution to total variation in pCO2. This result contrasts with patterns in other Southern Ocean regions, where physical mixing was considered to be minimal or was ignored in previous studies. At station WS 8 in the Weddell-Scotia Confluence region, mixing was the dominant process of surface pCO2 change during the study period, suggesting lateral and vertical transport of CO2-rich water masses from the Weddell
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6063
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2005.12.007
Files in This Item
General Conditions
      ROMEO Green
    Can archive pre-print and post-print or publisher's version/PDF
      ROMEO Blue
    Can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing) or publisher's version/PDF
      ROMEO Yellow
    Can archive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing)
      ROMEO White
    Archiving not formally supported

    qrcode

    Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

    Browse