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Early summer iron limitation of phytoplankton photosynthesis in the Scotia Sea as inferred from fast repetition rate fluorometry

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Title
Early summer iron limitation of phytoplankton photosynthesis in the Scotia Sea as inferred from fast repetition rate fluorometry
Other Titles
강제형광법에 의한 이른 여름철 스코시아해 식물플랑크톤 광합성의 철분 제한 효과 연구
Authors
Park, Jisoo
Yoo, Sinjae
Lee, Sang H.
Shin, Hyoung Chul
Kang, Sung-Ho
Kim, Hyun-cheol
Gorbunov M.Y.
Kim, Dongseon
Yang, Eun Jin
박태욱
Subject
Oceanography
Keywords
Scotia Sea; Southern Ocean; fluorescence; iron limitation; phytoplankton physiology
Issue Date
2013
Publisher
American Geophysical Union
Citation
Park, Jisoo, et al. 2013. "Early summer iron limitation of phytoplankton photosynthesis in the Scotia Sea as inferred from fast repetition rate fluorometry". JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, 118(8): 3795-3806.
Abstract
We describe variability in the phytoplankton physiological status in the west Scotia Sea of the Southern Ocean in the early austral summer prior to and at the beginning of a phytoplankton bloom. This area is characterized by high concentrations of major nutrients (such as nitrate, phosphate, and silicate), but exhibit chronically low concentrations of dissolved iron and deep vertical mixing. Using a fast repetition rate fluorometry, we measured photosynthetic characteristics of phytoplankton in the euphotic zone. These measurements provide an express diagnostic of the effects of environmental factors, including iron limitation, on photosynthetic processes. The quantum yields of photochemistry in Photosystem II (Fv/Fm) in subsurface phytoplankton were, on average, 40% lower than the maximum values for nutrient-replete communities. Higher values of Fv/Fm were observed in the frontal mixing zone that may have been caused by the induction of iron into the euphotic layer. Our results suggest physiological signatures of iron limitation of photosynthesis in the western Scotia Sea in the early austral summer. The data imply that, together with light conditions and grazing pressure, iron availability may be important for phytoplankton growth in the Scotia Sea even in the early summer.ations of major nutrients (such as nitrate, phosphate, and silicate), but exhibit chronically low concentrations of dissolved iron and deep vertical mixing. Using a fast repetition rate fluorometry, we measured photosynthetic characteristics of phytoplankton in the euphotic zone. These measurements provide an express diagnostic of the effects of environmental factors, including iron limitation, on photosynthetic processes. The quantum yields of photochemistry in Photosystem II (Fv/Fm) in subsurface phytoplankton were, on average, 40% lower than the maximum values for nutrient-replete communities. Higher values of Fv/Fm were observed in the frontal mixing zone that may have been caused by the induction of iron into the euphotic layer. Our results suggest physiological signatures of iron limitation of photosynthesis in the western Scotia Sea in the early austral summer. The data imply that, together with light conditions and grazing pressure, iron availability may be important for phytoplankton growth in the Scotia Sea even in the early summer.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6114
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgrc.20281
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