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Proximity of krill and salps in an Antarctic coastal ecosystem:evidence from penguin-mounted cameras

Cited 7 time in scopus
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Title
Proximity of krill and salps in an Antarctic coastal ecosystem:evidence from penguin-mounted cameras
Authors
N. Kokubun
A. Takahashi
Kim, Jeong-Hoon
Subject
Biodiversity & Conservation; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Keywords
Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba); Southern Ocean ecosystem; chinstrap penguin; gentoo penguin; salps
Issue Date
2013
Publisher
Springer
Citation
N. Kokubun, A. Takahashi, Kim, Jeong-Hoon. 2013. "Proximity of krill and salps in an Antarctic coastal ecosystem:evidence from penguin-mounted cameras". POLAR BIOLOGY, 36(12): 1857-1864.
Abstract
Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) and salps (mainly Salpa thompsoni) are main components of Southern Ocean ecosystem, but little is known about their coastal distribution at a fine scale (1 km). We deployed miniaturised cameras on breeding chinstrap (n = 9 birds) and gentoo penguins (n = 9 birds) in the Antarctic Peninsula region and obtained 2,333 krill images, 93 salp images and 609 sea floor images from 1,843 dives. 51.2 % of penguin dives that had salps present in the images occurred near the dives with krill images (within 5 min). The vertical distribution of salp images showed overlap with the upper depth zone of krill images. While 16.3 % of dives with krill images were associated in time with the sea floor, only 1.2 % of dives with salp images did. These results revealed close proximity between krill and salps within the penguins foraging range in an Antarctic coastal ecosystem. These results also imply that krill patches were common in both pelagic and benthic habitat, whereas salps were common mainly in pelagic habitat. If the effects of deployments are similar between the years or regions, inter-annual or regional comparison using the penguinmounted camera will be valid for characng chinstrap (n = 9 birds) and gentoo penguins (n = 9 birds) in the Antarctic Peninsula region and obtained 2,333 krill images, 93 salp images and 609 sea floor images from 1,843 dives. 51.2 % of penguin dives that had salps present in the images occurred near the dives with krill images (within 5 min). The vertical distribution of salp images showed overlap with the upper depth zone of krill images. While 16.3 % of dives with krill images were associated in time with the sea floor, only 1.2 % of dives with salp images did. These results revealed close proximity between krill and salps within the penguins foraging range in an Antarctic coastal ecosystem. These results also imply that krill patches were common in both pelagic and benthic habitat, whereas salps were common mainly in pelagic habitat. If the effects of deployments are similar between the years or regions, inter-annual or regional comparison using the penguinmounted camera will be valid for charac
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6149
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00300-013-1400-y
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