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Comparison of radiocarbon and OSL dating methods for a Late Quaternary sediment core from Lake Ulaan, Mongolia

Cited 13 time in scopus
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Title
Comparison of radiocarbon and OSL dating methods for a Late Quaternary sediment core from Lake Ulaan, Mongolia
Other Titles
몽골 울란호수의 제4기 후기 퇴적물 코어에서 방사성탄소연대측정과 광여기루미네선스 연대측정법 비교 연구
Authors
Lee, Yong Il
Lim, Hyoun Soo
Lee, Min Kyung
Yoon, Ho Il
Choi, Jeong Heon
Lee, Jae Il
Subject
Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Geology; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Keywords
Mongolia; OSL; arid condition; lacustrine sediment; radiocarbon
Issue Date
2011
Publisher
Springer
Citation
Lee, Yong Il, et al. 2011. "Comparison of radiocarbon and OSL dating methods for a Late Quaternary sediment core from Lake Ulaan, Mongolia". Journal of Paleolimnology, 45: 127-135.
Abstract
Both radiocarbon and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating methods were applied to test their suitability for establishing a chronology of arid-zone lacustrine sediments using a 5.88-m-long core drilled from Lake Ulaan, southern Mongolia. Although the radiocarbon and OSL ages agree in some samples, the radiocarbon ages are older than the corresponding OSL ages at the 550-cm depth horizon (late Pleistocene) and in the 100?300-cm interval (early to late Holocene). In the early to late Holocene, radiocarbon ages are consistently older than OSL ages by 4,100?5,800 years, and in the late Pleistocene by 2,700?3,000 years. Grain-size analysis of early to late Holocene sediments and one late Pleistocene sediment sample (550-cm depth) indicates that eolian processes were the dominant sediment-transport mechanism. Also, two late Pleistocene sediments samples (from 400- to 500-cm depths) are interpreted to have been deposited by both eolian and glaciofluvial processes. Accordingly, the radiocarbon ages that were older than the corresponding OSL ages during the Holocene seem to have been a consequence of the influx of 14C-deficient carbon delivered from adjacent soils and Paleozoic carbonate rocks by the westerly winds, a process that is also active today. In addition to the input of old reworked carbon by eolian processes, the late Pleistocene sediments were also influenced by old carbon delivered by deglacial meltwater. The results of this study suggest that when eolian sediment transport is suspected, especially in lakes of arid environments, the OSL dating method is superior to the radiocarbon dating method, as it eliminates a common ‘old-carbon’ error problem.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6168
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10933-010-9484-7
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