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Variations in atmospheric trace elements in Dome C (East Antarctica) ice over the last two climatic cycles

Cited 43 time in scopus
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Title
Variations in atmospheric trace elements in Dome C (East Antarctica) ice over the last two climatic cycles
Other Titles
남극 돔씨 빙하에 기록된 지난 두번의 기후변화 사이클 동안 기후변화에 따른 미량원소들의 변화
Authors
C. Turetta
V. Gaspari
C. Ferrari
F. Planchon
G. Cozzi
C. Boutron
C. Barbante
P. Cescon
Hong, Sung-Min
P. Gabrielli
Subject
Oceanography
Keywords
Antarctica; Climatic cycles; Ice; Trace elements
Issue Date
2005
Citation
C. Turetta, et al. 2005. "Variations in atmospheric trace elements in Dome C (East Antarctica) ice over the last two climatic cycles". ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT, 39(34): 6420-6429.
Abstract
Concentrations of Li, Mg, Cr, Mn, Co, Cu, As, Rb, Cd, Ba and Bi have been determined by inductively coupled plasma sector field mass spectrometry (ICP-SFMS) in various sections of the new Dome C EPICA Antarctic ice core, down to the depth of 2193 m, covering a time period of two climatic cycles. The time resolution of these records is at least twice as good as previously published ultra trace elements profiles obtained from the Vostok ice core. During the similar to 217kyr period spanned by this record, a high variability in concentrations is observed for most elements, with low values during warm periods and high values during cold periods. The highest concentrations are recorded at the times of the last two glacial maxima (similar to 20 and similar to 140 kyr BP). The timing and the amplitude of the main concentration peaks match remarkably well the insoluble dust concentration profile. It confirms that dust was the main carrier of atmospheric trace elements to East Antarctica during the cold periods. For Ba, Co, Cu and Rb the crustal contribution was also dominant during warm periods. For other elements the situation is more complex during interglacial periods, when other sources such as volcanic quiescent emissions, became possibly significant for several trace elements such as Cd and Bi. Peculiarly high concentration values are observed for Cd and Bi for a short depth interval dated at similar to 18 kyr BP. It is the same depth interval in which elevated F- values were previously observed. These very high concentrations are attributed to fallout from major local volcanic emissions at that time. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6214
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.07.025
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