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Variability of SeaWiFs chlorophyll-a in the southwest Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean: Strong topographic effects and weak seasonality

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Title
Variability of SeaWiFs chlorophyll-a in the southwest Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean: Strong topographic effects and weak seasonality
Authors
Im-Sang Oh
Jisoo Park
Sinjae Yoo
Kim, Hyun-cheol
Subject
Oceanography
Keywords
Interannual variation; SeaWiFS chlorophyll-a; Southern Ocean; Topographic effect; seasonality
Issue Date
2010
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Im-Sang Oh, et al. 2010. "Variability of SeaWiFs chlorophyll-a in the southwest Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean: Strong topographic effects and weak seasonality". DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART I-OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH PAPERS, 57(4): 604-620.
Abstract
This study examined 11-year(1997?2008) weekly and monthly time series of satellite-observed oceancolor to underst and the dominant temporal and spatial patterns of chlorophyll-a in the southwest Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Using empirical orthogonal function analysis and k-means classi?cation, we classi?ed the study area into eight regions, which were in good accordance with the oceanographic and topographic features. Examination of the chlorophyll-a time series in each region revealed that contrary to our expectation, regular seasonal phytoplankton blooms were observed only in a limited area. Of the eight regions, only two showed typical seasonal blooms, and one showed weak seasonality, whereas other regions exhibited irregular seasonal blooms of variable duration. We attribute the absence of regularity in seasonal blooms to relatively shallow winter mixing, which would prevent entrainment of limiting micronutrients such as iron and silicate. In the southwest Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, topographic effects and sea ice maybe the most important factors controlling primary productivity. In the South Georgia region, chlorophyll-a showed a signi?cant correlation with geostrophic current velocity, indicating that topographic effects depend on the interaction of current strength and topographic structure. Interannual variability of the surface chlorophyll in some regions also revealed longer periodicity(~6years). The periodicity seemed to be related to ElNin~o?Southern Oscillation and to sea-ice dynamics in?uenced by the Antarctic Circumpolar Current.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6246
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2010.01.004
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