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A long-lived band of plasma density enhancement at mid-latitudes during the 2003 Halloween magnetic storm

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Title
A long-lived band of plasma density enhancement at mid-latitudes during the 2003 Halloween magnetic storm
Other Titles
2003년 할로윈 지자기 폭풍 동안 발생하는 중위도에서 지속되는 플라즈마 밀도 증가밴드
Authors
Park, Jaeheung
Jee, Geonhwa
Tatjana Gerzen
Norbert Jakowski
Hermann Luhr
Min, Kyoung Wook
Max Noja
Chao Xiong
Kil, Hyosub
Subject
Geochemistry & Geophysics; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Keywords
Ionospheric irregularities; Storm-enhanced density; Storm-time ionosphere
Issue Date
2012
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Park, Jaeheung, et al. 2012. "A long-lived band of plasma density enhancement at mid-latitudes during the 2003 Halloween magnetic storm". Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 80(1): 100-110.
Abstract
During the magnetic storm recovery phase between 08 and 13 UT on 30th October 2003 (so-called Halloween Storm), CHAMP, GRACE and TIMED satellites encountered an unusual post-midnight streak of high plasma density. The streak was latitudinally narrow ð ??0:51 GLAT), zonally elongated ð4101 GLON), and vertically extended for several hundred kilometers. Inside the streak, as observed by CHAMP, the deviation of the magnetic field from the background is greater in the zonal component than in the meridional component. This observation is consistent with the zonally extended nature of the streak, as confirmed by TIMED/GUVI optical observations. The field-aligned current (FAC) direction is generally upward (downward) at the equatorward (poleward) edge of the streak. We discuss the time history of observed features. We suggest the following scenario of the streak formation. A storm- enhanced density (SED) was generated before 19 h local time by a sub-auroral polarization stream (SAPS). The SED gradually separated from the poleward-retreating region of strong westward plasma drift and turned into an electron density enhancement fossil (EDEF). This EDEF at mid-latitude (about 401S MLAT) practically co-rotated with the Earth for more than 10 h through the night till dawn. We suggest that the enhanced plasma pressure was counter-balanced by magnetic pressure gradient and kept stable over many hours.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6276
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2012.03.009
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