Robiginitomaculum antarcticum gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the family Hyphomonadaceae, from Antarctic seawater
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- Robiginitomaculum antarcticum gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the family Hyphomonadaceae, from Antarctic seawater
- Other Titles
- 남극해수로부터 Hyphomonadaceae과에 속하는 미생물 Robiginitomaculum antarcticum의 분리 및 동정
- Lee, Kiyoung
Lee, Hong Kum
- 16S rRNA gene; Antarctic; Hyphomonadaceae; Robiginitomaculum antarcticum
- Issue Date
- Lee, Kiyoung, et al. 2007. "Robiginitomaculum antarcticum gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the family Hyphomonadaceae, from Antarctic seawater". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 57(11): 2595-2599.
- A seawater bacterium, designated IMCC3195T, was isolated from the Antarctic coast. Cells of the novel strain were Gram-negative, rusty-coloured, strictly aerobic, chemoheterotrophic, non-budding and non-motile rods or vibrioids that possessed a thin prostheca. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, the novel strain was most closely related to the genera Hyphomonas (89.4？90.9 %), Maricaulis (90.1？90.4 %), Hirschia (89.0 %) and Oceanicaulis (87.9 %) of the family Hyphomonadaceae. Phylogenetic analyses also showed the Antarctic isolate to be only distantly related to the genera of stalked bacteria of marine origin in the family Hyphomonadaceae. The DNA G+C content of the novel strain was 60.3 mol% and the predominant cellular fatty acids were C18 : 1v7c (41.9 %), C17 : 1v8c (21.4 %) and C17 : 0 (14.3 %). The major quinone was Q-10. Several phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, including optimum temperature and salinity range for growth, cell morphology, pigmentation and fatty acid content, differentiated the novel strain from other related genera in the family Hyphomonadaceae. From the taxonomic evidence collected in this study, it is suggested that strain IMCC3195T (5KCCM 42687T5NBRC 103098T) represents a new genus and novel species in the family Hyphomonadaceae, for which the name Robiginitomaculum antarcticum gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed.
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