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Ontogeny of the Furongian (late Cambrian) trilobite Proceratopyge cf. P. Lata Whitehouse from northern Victoria Land, Antarctica, and the evolution of metamorphosis in trilobites

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Title
Ontogeny of the Furongian (late Cambrian) trilobite Proceratopyge cf. P. Lata Whitehouse from northern Victoria Land, Antarctica, and the evolution of metamorphosis in trilobites
Other Titles
남극 북빅토리아에서 산출되는 후기 캄브리아기 삼엽충 Proceratopyge cf. P. lata의 개체발생과정과 삼엽충에의 metamorphosis 진화
Authors
Park, Tae-Yoon S.
Lee, Jong Ik
Kim, Young-Hwan G.
Woo, Jusun
Kim, Ji-Hoon
Subject
Paleontology
Keywords
Cambrian; Ordovician; metamorphosis; protaspis; trilobite
Issue Date
2016
Citation
Park, Tae-Yoon S., et al. 2016. "Ontogeny of the Furongian (late Cambrian) trilobite Proceratopyge cf. P. Lata Whitehouse from northern Victoria Land, Antarctica, and the evolution of metamorphosis in trilobites". PALAEONTOLOGY, 59(5): 657-670.
Abstract
There were multiple origins of metamorphosis-undergoing protaspides in trilobite evolution: within the superfamilies Remopleuridioidea, Trinucleoidea, and within the Order Asaphida. Recent studies have revealed that the protaspides of the Cambrian representatives of the Remopleuridioidea and the Trinucleoidea did not undergo metamorphosis. However, ontogeny of the Cambrian members of the Order Asaphida has remained unknown. This study documents the ontogeny of the Furongian asaphoidean ceratopygid trilobite, Proceratopyge cf. P. lata Whitehouse, from northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Two stages for protaspid phase, five developmental stages for the post-protaspid cranidia, and ten stages for the post-protaspid pygidia have been identified. Interestingly, the protaspis directly developed into a meraspis without metamorphosis. A new cladistic analysis resulted in a single most parsimonious tree, according to which the presence of the bulbous commutavi protaspis turns out to be a synapomorphy for Asaphidae + Cyclopygoidea, not a synapomorphy for the Order Asaphida as previously suggested. In addition, it is inferred that there was a convergent evolution of indirect-developing commutavi protaspides during the Furongian?Early Ordovician. Metamorphosis-entailing planktonic larvae evolved in many different metazoan lineages near the Cambrian/Ordovician transition, due to the escalating ecological pressure of the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event. It has been known that the bulbous commutavi protaspid morphology is more adapted to planktonic life mode. Therefore, the convergent evolution of the indirect development in the three trilobite lineages at this period might have been a result of adaptation to the early phase of the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6418
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pala.12251
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