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The Recent Increase in the Occurrence of a Boreal Summer Teleconnection and Its Relationship with Temperature Extremes

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Title
The Recent Increase in the Occurrence of a Boreal Summer Teleconnection and Its Relationship with Temperature Extremes
Other Titles
북반구 여름철 원격상관변동의 증가 및 그와 관련된 이상고온 현상의 변화
Authors
Paik, Seungmok
Min, Seung-Ki
Kim, Yeon-Hee
Kim, Baek-Min
Shiogama, Hideo
Heo, Joonghyeok
Subject
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Keywords
arctic warming; climate change; extremes; teleconnection
Issue Date
2017
Citation
Paik, Seungmok, et al. 2017. "The Recent Increase in the Occurrence of a Boreal Summer Teleconnection and Its Relationship with Temperature Extremes". JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, 30(18): 7493-7504.
Abstract
This study has investigated the relationship between temperature extremes and a sub-seasonal hemispheric teleconnection pattern over the Northern Hemisphere during boreal summer. By applying self-organizing map (SOM) analysis to 200-hPa geopotential fields from Interim European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Re-Analysis (ERA-Interim) for the period 1979-2012, we identified a teleconnection pattern that increased dramatically in its occurrence after the late 1990s. This pattern is characterized by a zonal wavenumber-5 pattern with anomalous high-pressure cores over eastern Europe, northeast Asia, the eastern North Pacific, the eastern United States (US), and Greenland. These high-pressure centers coincide with regions of increasingly frequent temperature extremes in recent decades. To investigate the temporal evolution of the identified SOM pattern, we performed time-lagged composites relative to the days in which the 200-hPa geopotential field most closely resembled the SOM pattern. From day ?10 to day 0, a wave train propagated from the central tropical Pacific to the Canadian Arctic Archipelago and Greenland. This poleward wave propagation was followed by the establishment of quasi-stationary high-pressure centers over Greenland, Europe, and Asia. This study suggests that more frequent occurrence of the hemispheric teleconnection is linked to more severe and longer extreme weather events over the Northern Hemisphere since the late 1990s.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6448
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0094.1
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