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Isotopic Composition and Crystallographic Properties of Gas Hydrate in the Sea of Okhotsk

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Title
Isotopic Composition and Crystallographic Properties of Gas Hydrate in the Sea of Okhotsk
Other Titles
오호츠크해의 가스수화물의 동위원소 구성과 결정학적인 특징
Authors
Jin, Young Keun
Tatiana Matveeva
Hitoshi Shoji
Hirotoshi Sakagami
Yutaka Nunokawa
Hirotsugu Minami
Akihirp Hachikubo
Anatoly Obzhirov
Keywords
gas hydrate; stable isotope; dissociation heat; Raman spectroscopy; hydration number
Issue Date
2009
Citation
Jin, Young Keun, et al. 2009. "Isotopic Composition and Crystallographic Properties of Gas Hydrate in the Sea of Okhotsk". Journal of Geography, 118(1): 207-221.
Abstract
New hydrate-bearing seepage structures off Sakhalin in the Sea of Okhotsk were investigated from 2003 to 2006 within the framework of the CHAOS project. We obtained samples of natural gas hydrate and measured the molecular and isotopic compositions of hydrate-bound gas. Methane δ13C and δD were in the range of -67 to -63‰ and -207 to -193‰, respectively. These results indicate a microbial origin produced by CO2 reduction according to Whiticar's diagram. Because ethane δ13C showed a thermogenic origin, hydrate-bound gas contains a small amount of thermogenic gas. The hydration numbers of the samples were estimated as 6.19 ± 0.02 using the Raman spectra of the C?H stretching mode and a thermodynamic calculation. Heat flow calorimetry revealed that the values for dissociation heat of the samples were 18.1 ± 0.3 kJ mol-1 (from hydrate phase to gas and ice phases) and 55.4 ± 0.4 kJ mol-1 (from hydrate phase to gas and water phases), which agree well with the values in of literature.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6555
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.5026/jgeography.118.207
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