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Expressed protein ligation of 5-Enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase: An application to a protein expressed as an inclusion body

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Title
Expressed protein ligation of 5-Enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase: An application to a protein expressed as an inclusion body
Authors
Shin, Hee Jae
Kim, Hyun-Woo
Kim, Hak Jun
Kim, Young Tae
Kang, Sung-Ho
Subject
Marine & Freshwater Biology; Oceanography
Keywords
5-Enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosp; Expressed protein ligation; Intein; Methionine aminopeptidase
Issue Date
2007
Citation
Shin, Hee Jae, et al. 2007. "Expressed protein ligation of 5-Enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase: An application to a protein expressed as an inclusion body". BULLETIN OF THE KOREAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 28(12): 2303-2309.
Abstract
Expressed protein ligation (EPL) technique, joining recombinantly expressed proteins to polypeptides, has been widely adopted for addressing various biological questions and for drug discovery. However, joining two recombinant proteins together is sometimes difficult when proteins are expressed insoluble and unrefoldable, because ligation-active proteins via intein-fusion are obtainable when they are folded correctly. We overcame this limitation coexpressing target protein with additional methionine aminopeptidase (MAP) which enhances removal of the initiation methionine of recombinantly expressed protein. Our approach demonstrated that two domains of 46 kDa 5-Enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase, a target of herbicide glyphosate, were successfully joined by native chemical ligation, although its C-terminal domain was expressed as an inclusion body. The intein-fused N-terminal fragment of EPSP synthase (EPSPSN, residues 1-237) was expressed and the ligation-active thioester tagged N-terminal fragment (EPSPSN-thioester) was purified using a chitin affinity chromatography and mercapto-ethanesulphonate (MESNA) as intein thiolysis reagent. Its C-terminal fragment (EPSPSC, residues Mee(237)-238(CYS)-427), expressed as an inclusion body, was prepared from an additional MAP-expressing strain. Protein ligation was initiated by mixing similar to 1 mM of EPSPSN-thioester with similar to 2 mM of EPSPSCCYS (residues 238(CYS)-427). Also we found that addition of 2% thiophenol increased the ligation efficiency via thiol exchange. The ligation efficiency was similar to 85%. The ligated full-length EPSP synthase was dissolved in 6 M GdHCl and refolded. Circular dichroism (CD) and enzyme activity assay of the purified protein showed that the ligated enzyme has distinct secondary structure and similar to 115% specific activity compared to those of wild-type EPSP synthase. This work demonstrates rare example of EPL between two recombinantly expressed proteins and also provides hands-on protein engineering protocol for large proteins.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6603
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