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Virtual palaeontology: the effects of mineral composition and texture of fossil shell and hosting rock on the quality of X-ray microtomography (XMT) outcomes using Palaeozoic brachiopods

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Title
Virtual palaeontology: the effects of mineral composition and texture of fossil shell and hosting rock on the quality of X-ray microtomography (XMT) outcomes using Palaeozoic brachiopods
Other Titles
3차원 가상 고생물학: 고생대 완족동물에서 암석과 화석의 광물 성분이 X-ray microtomography 결과에 미치는 영향
Authors
Lee, Sangmin
Lee, Mirinae
Horng-Sheng Mii
Oh, Jae-Ryong
Park, Tae-Yoon S.
G.R. Shi
Subject
Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology; Microbiology
Keywords
computed tomography; diagenesis; internal structures; sedimentary infilling; three-dimensional reconstruction
Issue Date
2017
Citation
Lee, Sangmin, et al. 2017. "Virtual palaeontology: the effects of mineral composition and texture of fossil shell and hosting rock on the quality of X-ray microtomography (XMT) outcomes using Palaeozoic brachiopods". PALAEONTOLOGIA ELECTRONICA, 20(2.3T): 1-25.
Abstract
X-ray microtomography (XMT) has become a popular tool for detailed investigations of a diverse range of fossils. However, XMT has not always guaranteed a satisfactory result, as the resolution of XMT images critically depends on the contrast between the fossil and its hosting rock. In this paper, XMT was applied to 11 Palaeozoic brachiopod specimens selected from a range of sedimentary rocks in order to investigate the extent of effects of mineral composition and texture in the rock and fossil shell on the quality of XMT outcomes. Our study shows that sufficient contrast in mineral composition and texture between the brachiopod shell and its infilling material is required to reproduce high-quality XMT results. Specifically, brachiopod specimens with their original calcium carbonate shell, infilled mainly with quartz grains, appear to produce the best XMT results characterized by sharply defined shell internal structures. We also found that diagenesis is significant in determining the XMT quality. Diagenetic processes including silicification and recrystallization in the brachiopod shell and/or the infilling material generally tends to diminish the resolution of the XMT results, although this impact is considerably complicated by the degree and aspect of diagenesis. Another factor of minor significance concerns the presence of bioclasts scattered in the hosting sediment that potentially could be confused with genuine shell internal structures.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6613
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/palaeo-electronica.org/content/2017/1891-xmt-on-brachiopod-fossils
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