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Surface Flux Measurements at King Sejong Station in West Antarctica: Ⅱ. Turbulent exchanges of sensible heat and latent heat in the austral summer of 2002-2003

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Title
Surface Flux Measurements at King Sejong Station in West Antarctica: Ⅱ. Turbulent exchanges of sensible heat and latent heat in the austral summer of 2002-2003
Other Titles
남극 세종기지에서의 지표 플럭스 관측:II. 2002-2003년 남반구 여름기간의 열과 수증기의 난류교환
Authors
Choi, Taejin
Lee, Bang Yong
Kim, Seong-Joong
Hong, Sung-Min
Lee, Hee-Choon
Subject
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Keywords
King Sejong Station; eddy covariance; sensible heat flux; latent heat flux
Issue Date
2005
Citation
Choi, Taejin, et al. 2005. "Surface Flux Measurements at King Sejong Station in West Antarctica: Ⅱ. Turbulent exchanges of sensible heat and latent heat in the austral summer of 2002-2003". Korean Geophysical Society, 8(3): 159-167.
Abstract
Turbulent fluxes of sensible heat and latent heat were analyzed at King Sejong station in the austral summer of 2002 (December) and 2003 (January and February). Monthly mean air temperatures of January and February (2.2oC) were similar to those averaged over 1988 to 2001. Precipitation wasless in January and greater in February than those averaged over last 14 years. In December of 2002 and January, there was precipitation primarily when easterly wind blew usually. The frequency of snowfallwas equal to or larger than that of rainfall. In the mean while, precipitation primarily in forms of rainfall occurred with westerly wind in February. In addition, while for easterly wind, temperature and humidity was low, temperature and humidity were high in case of westerly wind. Based on flux footprint,measured flux mainly came from within 300 m with maximum of 40 m upwind, indicating the insignificant role of the sea around the study site. Half-hourly downward short wave radiation amounted up to∼ 1000 Wm-2 and net radiation ranged from -50 to 600 Wm-2. Half-hourly sensible heat flux waspositive at daytime with maximum of ∼ 400 Wm-2, except the 27th and 28th in February of 2003 when it was negative all day despite of positive net radiation at short daytime. Latent heat flux was positive with maximum of ∼ 130 Wm-2. Depending on wind direction, the partitioning of net radiationinto the sum of sensible heat flux and latent heat flux was larger than 0.8, indicating the strong source of the land surface for the atmospheric heating. The daytime averaged Bowen ratio (=sensible heat flux /latent heat flux) was significantly greater than 1, indicating that sensible heat flux was the main source to heat the atmosphere over the site.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6632
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