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Topography, Vertical and Horizontal Deformation in the Sulzberger Ice Shelf, West Antarctica using InSAR

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Title
Topography, Vertical and Horizontal Deformation in the Sulzberger Ice Shelf, West Antarctica using InSAR
Other Titles
인공위성을 이용한 서남극 빙붕의 지형과 수평연직변형 연구
Authors
Kwon, Oh-Ig
Baek, Sangho
Sohn, Hong-Gyoo
Shum C.K.
Han, Uk
Lee, Hongki
Keywords
West Antarctica; digital elevation model; ice stream velocity
Issue Date
2005
Citation
Kwon, Oh-Ig, et al. 2005. "Topography, Vertical and Horizontal Deformation in the Sulzberger Ice Shelf, West Antarctica using InSAR". Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, 21(1): 73-81.
Abstract
We construct improved geocentric digital elevation model (DEM), estimate tidal dynamics and ice stream velocity over Sulzberger Ice Shelf, West Antarctica employing differential interferograms from 12 ERS tandem mission Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images acquired in austral fall of 1996. Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) laser altimetry profiles acquired in the same season as the SAR scenes in 2004 are used as ground control points (GCPs) for Interferometric SAR (InSAR) DEM generation. 20 additional ICESat profiles acquired in 2003-2004 are then used to assess the accuracy of the DEM. The vertical accuracy of the DEM is estimated by comparing elevations with laser altimetry data from ICESat. The mean height difference between all ICESat data and DEM is -0.57 m with a standard deviation of 5.88 m. We demonstrate that ICESat elevations can be successfully used as GCPs to improve the accuracy of an InSAR derived DEM. In addition, the magnitude and the direction of tidal changes estimated from interferogram are compared with those predicted tidal differences from four ocean tide models. Tidal deformation measured in InSAR is -16.7 cm and it agrees well within 3 cm with predicted ones from tide models. Lastly, ice surface velocity is estimated by combining speckle matching technique and InSAR line-of-sight measurement. This study shows that the maximum speed and mean speed are 509 m/yr and 131 m/yr, respectively. Our results can be useful for the mass balance study in this area and sea level change.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/6700
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