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Diverse growth patterns of photobionts isolated from Antarctic lichens

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Title
Diverse growth patterns of photobionts isolated from Antarctic lichens
Other Titles
남극지의류에서 분리된 광합성생물의 생장 패턴 연구
Authors
Cho, Sung-Mi
Lee, Jong Eun
Hong, Soon Gyu
Keywords
photobiont; 공생조류; 지의류
Issue Date
2017
Citation
Cho, Sung-Mi, Lee, Jong Eun, Hong, Soon Gyu. 2017. Diverse growth patterns of photobionts isolated from Antarctic lichens. The 23rd International Symposium on Polar Sciences, Life at the Extremes. 인천. 2017.05.17~2017.05.18.
Abstract
Lichens are symbioses between fungi (mycobionts) and photoautotrophic green algae or cyanobacteria (photobionts). Most of lichen studies have focused on species diversity of photobionts and mycobionts, physiological characteristics of isolated photobionts are still unrevealing topic. For understanding how and why photobionts are sustaining symbiosis within lichen thalli, we collected 20 samples of Cladonia gracilis, C. borealis, Himantormia sp., Ochrolechia sp., Psoroma sp., Umbilica antarctica, Usnea sp., and Xanthoria sp. from near King Sejong Station and Adeli island in Antarctica. To isolate photobionts from these lichens, lichen samples after washing out were chopped and then roughly crushed by pestle in BBM media. Lysate filtered out by 20μm sieve were cultured in both BG11 and BBM solid media. On this culturing procedure, some photobionts were dominantly colonized and it was selected for further study. Five molecular regions, nuclear LSU, ITS and chloroplast rbcL for algae, and 16S rRNA and tRNA Leu intron for cyanobacteria were used to identify photobionts. Species diversity was estimated by molecular phylogenetic analyses using Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian methods, and morphology observation using light microscopy. Most photobionts were classified in Trebouxiophyceae and Chlorophyceae, and only few were identified as uncultured cyanobacteria. Three-dimensional growthmorphology, color changes green to dark brown by culturing, highly dried colonization or mucilage colonization were observed. These diverse photobionts will be used in diverse researches such as abiotic stress resistance, interacting mechanisms with fungi, lichen morphology constructing process.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/7197
Conference Name
The 23rd International Symposium on Polar Sciences, Life at the Extremes
Conference Place
인천
Conference Date
2017.05.17~2017.05.18
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