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Improved Forecasts of Winter Weather Extremes over Midlatitudes with Extra Arctic Observations

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Title
Improved Forecasts of Winter Weather Extremes over Midlatitudes with Extra Arctic Observations
Other Titles
북극 추가 관측에 의한 중위도 겨울철 극한기상 예측성 향상
Authors
Kazutoshi Sato
Mats Granskog
Stephen Hudson
Klaus Dethloff
Marion Maturilli
Kim, Joo-Hong
Akira Yamazaki
Jun Inoue
Keywords
Arctic Observations; Weather Extremes; Weather Forecast
Issue Date
2017
Citation
Kazutoshi Sato, et al. 2017. Improved Forecasts of Winter Weather Extremes over Midlatitudes with Extra Arctic Observations. The Arctic Science Summit Week 2017. Clarion Congress Hotel. 2017.03.31~2017.04.07.
Abstract
Recent cold winter extremes over Eurasia and North America have been considered to be a consequence of a warming Arctic. More accurate weather forecasts are required to reduce human and socioeconomic damages associated with severe winters. Uncertainty in predicted atmospheric circulation at midlatitudes sometimes stems from large uncertainty in initial conditions over the Arctic region, partly because of a sparse observing network. Here we show that additional Arctic radiosonde observations from the Norwegian young sea ICE cruise project 2015 drifting ice camps and existing land stations during winter improved forecast skill and reduced uncertainties of weather extremes at midlatitudes of the Northern Hemisphere. For two winter storms over East Asia and North America in February 2015, ensemble forecast experiments were performed with initial conditions taken from an ensemble atmospheric reanalysis in which the observation data were assimilated. The observations reduced errors from uncertainty in initial conditions in the upper troposphere over the Arctic region, yielding more precise prediction of the locations and strengths of upper troughs and surface synoptic disturbances. Uncertainty of predicted upper troughs at midlatitudes would be brought with upper-level high potential vorticity (PV) intruding southward from the observed Arctic region. This is because the PV contained a “signal” of the additional Arctic observations as it moved along an isentropic surface. This suggests that a coordinated sustainable Arctic observing network would be effective not only for regional weather services but also for reducing weather risks in locations distant from the Arctic.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/7206
Conference Name
The Arctic Science Summit Week 2017
Conference Place
Clarion Congress Hotel
Conference Date
2017.03.31~2017.04.07
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