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Oxygen isotopic fractionation ofO2 during adsorption and desorptionprocesses using molecular sieve at low temperatures

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Title
Oxygen isotopic fractionation ofO2 during adsorption and desorptionprocesses using molecular sieve at low temperatures
Other Titles
저온에서의 molecular sieve를 이용한 산소동위원소 분배
Authors
Minoru Kusakabe
Lee, Jong Ik
Ahn, Insu
Keywords
isotope fractionation; molecular sieve; oxygen isotope
Issue Date
2014
Citation
Minoru Kusakabe, Lee, Jong Ik, Ahn, Insu. 2014. "Oxygen isotopic fractionation ofO2 during adsorption and desorptionprocesses using molecular sieve at low temperatures". RAPID COMMUNICATIONS IN MASS SPECTROMETRY, 28(11): 1321-1328.
Abstract
RATIONALE: Cryogenic trapping using molecular sieves is commonly used to collect O2 extracted from silicates for 17O/16O and 18O/16O analyses. However, gases which interfere with 17O/16O analysis, notably NF3, are also trapped and their removal is essential for accurate direct measurement of the 17O/16O ratio. It is also necessary to identify and quantify any isotopic fractionation associated with the use of cryogenic trapping using molecular sieves. METHODS: The oxygen isotopic compositions of O2 before and after desorption from, and adsorption onto, 13X and 5A molecular sieves (MS13X and MS5A) at 0°C, 78°C, 114°C, and 130°C were measured in order to determine the oxygen isotopic fractionation at these temperatures. We also investigated whether isotopic fractionation occurred when O2 gas was transferred sequentially into a second cold finger, also containing molecular sieve. RESULTS: It was confirmed that significant oxygen isotopic fractionation occurs between the gaseous O2 and that adsorbed onto molecular sieve, if desorption and adsorption are incomplete. As the fraction of released or untrapped O2 becomes smaller with decreasing trapping temperature (from 0 to ?130°C), the isotopic fractionation becomes larger. Approximately half of the total adsorbed O2 is released from the molecular sieve during desorption at ?114°C, which is the temperature recommended for separation from NF3 (retained on the molecular sieve), and this will interfere with 17O/16O measurements. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a single cold finger should be avoided, because partial desorption is accompanied by oxygen isotopic fractionation, thereby resulting in inaccurate isotopic data. The use of a dual cold finger arrangement is recommended because, as we have confirmed, the transfer of O2 from the first trap to the second is almost 100%. However, even under these conditions, a small isotopic fractionation (0.18 ± 0.05‰ in δ17O values and 0.26 ± 0.06‰ in δ18O values) occurred, with O2 in the second trap being isotopically enriched in the heavier isotopes.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/7269
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.6898
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