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Equatorial broad plasma depletions associated with the evening prereversal enhancement and plasma bubbles during the 17 March 2015 storm

Cited 4 time in scopus
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Title
Equatorial broad plasma depletions associated with the evening prereversal enhancement and plasma bubbles during the 17 March 2015 storm
Other Titles
2015년 3월 17일 자기폭풍 중 적도플라즈마 밀도 감소와 Prereversal enhancement 현상, 플라즈마 버블과의 상관관계 연구
Authors
Hyosub Kil
Jee, Geonhwa
Marc R. Hairston
Larry J. Paxton
Lee, Woo Kyoung
Keywords
전리권 전자밀도 변화; 지자기 폭풍
Issue Date
2016
Citation
Hyosub Kil, et al. 2016. "Equatorial broad plasma depletions associated with the evening prereversal enhancement and plasma bubbles during the 17 March 2015 storm". JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS, 121(1): 10209-10219.
Abstract
Broad plasma depletions (BPDs) in the equatorial F region represent plasma depletions whose longitudinal and latitudinal scales are much greater than those of normal plasma bubbles. This study investigates the characteristics and origin of BPDs using the coincident ionospheric observations by the Communication/Navigation Outage Forecasting System, Defense Meteorological Satellite Program, and Swarm satellites during the 2015 St. Patrick’s Day (17 March) storm. Two types of BPDs were detected before midnight during the main phase of the storm. One type of BPDs showed a gradual plasma density variation (Type 1) and the other type of BPDs showed a steep density gradient (Type 2) at the walls of BPDs. The Type 1 BPDs were detected with no signature of plasma bubbles nearby, whereas the Type 2 BPDs were accompanied by bubbles. The formation of the Type 1 BPDs is attributed to the uplift of the bottomside of the F region above the satellite altitude by the action of storm-induced electric fields. The steep walls of Type 2 BPDs are associated with the ionospheric uplift and the spatial discontinuity of the ionosphere produced by bubbles. The detection of BPDs that are more than 15° wide in latitude by the polar-orbit Swarm satellites arises from the elongation of bubbles along the magnetic field lines and the alignment of the elongation with the plane of the orbit.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/7488
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023335
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