Characteristics of tephra in Holocene lake sediments on King George Island, West Antarctica: Implications for deglaciation and paleoenvironment
- Characteristics of tephra in Holocene lake sediments on King George Island, West Antarctica: Implications for deglaciation and paleoenvironment
- Other Titles
- 서남극 킹죠지섬 홀로세 호수퇴적물의 화산재 특성
- Yoon, Ho Il
Lee, Yong Il
- Antarctica; King George Island; deglaciation; lake; tephra
- Issue Date
- Yoon, Ho Il, et al. 2007. Characteristics of tephra in Holocene lake sediments on King George Island, West Antarctica: Implications for deglaciation and paleoenvironment. Elsevier. Elsevier. 2007.07.01~.
- Several reworked tephra layers in gravity-flow deposits are present in lacustrine core sediments collected from Hotel and Rudy lakes on King George Island, South Shetland Islands, W. Antarctica. The tephra record is more abundant in a long Hotel Lake core (515 cm long). This study uses volcanic glass samples from five tephra layers of Hotel Lake and from one tephra layer of Rudy Lake. Morphologically, tephras are mixtures of basaltic and pumice shards, both having various degrees of vesicularity. Major element analyses of glass shards reveal that the majority of the glass fragments belong to basic glass (< 60 wt.% SiO2), compositionally ranging from basalt to low-silica andesite and subalkaline series medium-K tholeiites, probably sourced from Deception Island located 130 km southwest of King George Island. Less than 20% of tephra belongs to silicic glass and occurs in three tephra horizons E of Hotel Lake. However, source volcano(es) for about 10% of basic tephra and silicic tephra are not readily identified from nearby volcanic centers. Except for the studied tephra in Rudy Lake, all tephra samples in Hotel Lake are not ashfall deposits but reworked and redeposited pyroclasts derived from retreating ice sheet, resulting in the occurrence of geochemically equivalent tephra samples in different tephra horizons. The dating of the studied tephra horizons represents the timimg of deglaciation rather than that of volcanic eruptions. The result of this study implies that combined with sedimentological information more chemical criterion is necessary to study tephrochronology and regional correlation and to understand paleoenvironmental changes using tephra.
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