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Stable Isotope Analysis of Natural Gas Hydrate in the Sea of Okhotsk

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Title
Stable Isotope Analysis of Natural Gas Hydrate in the Sea of Okhotsk
Other Titles
오호츠크해 천연가스하이드레이트의 동위원소 분석
Authors
AKIHIRO HACHIKUBO
NOBUO TAKAHASHI
ANAROLY OBZHIROV
HIROTOSHI
TATIANA MATVEEVA
Jin, Young Keun
HITOSHI SHOJI
HIROTSUGU MINAMI
ALEXEY KRYLOV
TOMOKO KOSAKA
Keywords
CHAOS; Sea of Okhotsk; gas hydrate; seepage structure; stable isotope
Issue Date
2008
Citation
AKIHIRO HACHIKUBO, et al. 2008. Stable Isotope Analysis of Natural Gas Hydrate in the Sea of Okhotsk. AOGS. AOGS. 2008.06.16~.
Abstract
Natural gas hydrates have been recovered from the seepage structures offshore Sakhalin, in the Sea of Okhotsk. Field cruises were executed from 2003 to 2007 within the framework of the CHAOS project (hydroCarbon Hydrate Accumulations in the Okhotsk Sea). Hydrate-bearing sediments were retrieved by gravity coring in CHAOS1 (Oct. 2003) and CHAOS2 (May 2005). A genetic classification diagram for natural gas using methane isotopes was proposed [1] and applied it to interpret origin of gas hydrates in the world [2]. In this diagram, large and small δ13C of methane indicate thermogenic and microbial origins, respectively, and δD of methane also provides information on methyl-type fermentation or CO2 reduction in the microbial origin. We would like to show characteristics of the seepage structures offshore Sakhalin from the viewpoints of isotopic composition and gas concentration. Gas hydrate samples were obtained from six seepage structures named Hieroglyph, Kitami, CHAOS, KOPRI, VNIIOkeangeologia and GISELA. δ13C and δD of dissociated gases were measured by using GC-IRMS (DELTA plus XP
Thermo Finnigan) in Kitami Institute of Technology. Methane δ13C and δD were in the range -65 to -62‰ and -205 to -195‰, respectively. These results indicate a microbial origin produced by CO2 reduction according to Whiticar's diagram. Ethane concentration was 30-150ppm for hydrate-bearing sediments and 10-100ppm for non-hydrate sediments, and depended on each seepage structure. We discussed the formation process of gas hydrate in the shallow sediment cores according to the experimental results of isotopic fractionation at the formation of gas hydrates [3].
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/7868
Conference Name
AOGS
Conference Place
AOGS
Conference Date
2008.06.16~
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