Molecular characterizations of the Arctic jellies from Svalbard (79°N), Norway, by ribosomal DNA sequences
- Molecular characterizations of the Arctic jellies from Svalbard (79°N), Norway, by ribosomal DNA sequences
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- Ribosomal DNA 염기서열을 이용한 북극 Svalbard에 서식하는 Arctic jellyfish의 분자적 특성 분석
- Arctic jellyfish; Beroe; Bolinopsis; Cyanea; rDNA
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- 기장서, Lee, Jae-Seong, Kim, Il-Chan. 2008. Molecular characterizations of the Arctic jellies from Svalbard (79°N), Norway, by ribosomal DNA sequences. KOPRI. KOPRI. 2008.09.26~.
- Gelatinous plankton organisms (jellyfishes) frequently observed in Arctic coastal waters of Svalbard (79N) in summer, and belong to cnidarians and ctenophores morphologically. Species identification, however, remained unclear due to lack of knowledge. In this study, we determined 18S and 28S ribosomal DNA sequences of five jellies (five genera: Beroe, Bolinopsis, Cyanea, Leuckartiara, and Leuckartiara) from Svalbard coastal waters in August 2006. Comparative analyses of the sequences revealed that two cryptic jellies were Bolinopsis infundibulum (Ctenophora
cyclocoela) and Mertensia ovum (Otenophora
Typhlocoela) but we could not identify the remaining three genera to species level. On the molecular data, they belonged to Beroe sp. (Ctenophora
Typhlocoela), Cyanea sp. (Cnidaria
Scyphozoa), Leuckartiara sp. (Cnidaria
Hydroida), respectively according to their morphological characters. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the Arctic jellies formed the independent clade, respectively. This suggests that the Arctic jellies may possess a little genetic variation, compared to the same species from other regions (e. g. temperate, tropical). These may provide genetic characteristics of the Arctic jellies using rDNA for making molecular comparisons of jellies.
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