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Seasonal and solar activity variations of the Weddell Sea Anomaly observed in the TOPEX TEC measurements

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Title
Seasonal and solar activity variations of the Weddell Sea Anomaly observed in the TOPEX TEC measurements
Other Titles
TOPEX 위성 총전자량 자료를 이용한 이온권 웨델해 이상현상 연구
Authors
Jee, Geonhwa
Alan G. Burns
Wenbin Wang
Kim, Yong Ha
Keywords
Climatology; Ionosphere; Longitudinal Variation; TOPEX TEC
Issue Date
2008
Citation
Jee, Geonhwa, et al. 2008. Seasonal and solar activity variations of the Weddell Sea Anomaly observed in the TOPEX TEC measurements. American Geophysical Union. American Geophysical Union. 2008.12.17~.
Abstract
The Weddell Sea Anomaly (WSA) in the ionosphere is characterized by higher plasma densities at night than during the day in the region near the Weddell Sea. According to previous studies on the WSA, it is known to occur mostly in southern summer and has not been reported in other seasons. We have utilized more than 13-years of TOPEX TEC measurements in order to study how the WSA varies with seasons and how it changes with solar activity. The TOPEX TEC data have been extensively utilized for climatological studies of the ionosphere due to their excellent spatial and temporal coverage. We investigate the seasonal and solar activity variations of the WSA using four seasonal cases (Mar. equinox, Jun. solstice, Sep, equinox, and Dec. solstice) and two solar activity conditions (F10.7<120 for solar minimum and F10.7>120 for solar maximum conditions) for geomagnetically quiet periods. Our analysis shows that: 1) the WSA occurs only in the southern summer hemisphere for low F10.7, as in previous studies
2) but the WSA occurs all of seasons except for winter when F10.7 is high: it is most prominent during the December solstice (southern summer) and still strong during both equinoxes. The TOPEX TEC maps in the mid- and high-latitude ionosphere displays significant global longitudinal variations for a given local time in the southern hemisphere, which varies with season and solar activity. The observed WSA appears to be an extreme manifestation of the longitudinal variations.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/7881
Conference Name
American Geophysical Union
Conference Place
American Geophysical Union
Conference Date
2008.12.17~
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