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Noble gas geochemistry of submarine volcanic glasses from the Viehoff seamount, Central Bransfield Basin, Antarctica

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Title
Noble gas geochemistry of submarine volcanic glasses from the Viehoff seamount, Central Bransfield Basin, Antarctica
Other Titles
남극 브랜스필드 중앙분지 비에호프 해저화산 유리질물질의 불활성기체 지구화학
Authors
Lee, Mi Jung
Lee, Jong Ik
K. Nagao
Keywords
Antarctica; Bransfield Basin; Viehoff seamount; noble gas; volcanic glasses
Issue Date
2009
Citation
Lee, Mi Jung, Lee, Jong Ik, K. Nagao. 2009. Noble gas geochemistry of submarine volcanic glasses from the Viehoff seamount, Central Bransfield Basin, Antarctica. EGU General Assembly 2009. EGU General Assembly 2009. 2009.04.20~.
Abstract
The Bransfield Strait is an actively spreading Quaternary back arc basin, and volcanic rocks from seamounts are chemically transitional between island arc and ocean ridge basalts. We measured noble gas isotopic compositions of lavas from this area to investigate mantle components incorporated into the Bransfield Strait volcanism. Pillow basalt samples DV5 and DV6 were dredged from a seamount, but from different depths: 1500m and 1000m deep respectively. Both basalts are derived exactly from the opening axis of the spreading center where is tectonically MORB-like environment. However, the samples show systematically different chemical compositions: DV5 basalts have mildly alkaline nature, while DV6 mildly tholeiite nature. Nine samples of DV5 and five of DV6 were used for noble gases analysis. Gas concentrations and He/Ne ratios are generally higher in DV5 than in DV6, which may be due to higher hydrostatic pressure at the extrusion site of DV5 (1500 m) than DV6 (1000 m). 3He/4He ratios for DV5 samples are generally lower than those for DV6 samples. The highest ratio of (7.6±1.4)x10-6 obtained by crushing experiment on DV5-2 is lower than the high value of (9.0±0.8)x10-6 in DV6-4. Ne isotopic ratios are almost atmospheric and do not show any indication about the solar Ne component with high 20Ne/22Ne and 21Ne/22Ne. Moreover, 40Ar/36Ar ratios are very low compared with the high values (>2000) reported for typical MORB samples. The high 3He/4He ratios in our samples are also lower than the typical MORB values (>10x10-6). Addition of radiogenic 4He and atmospheric Ne and Ar (as well as heavier noble gases Kr and Xe) to magma source through the subduction of Drake plate at the South Shetland Trench would be responsible to the observed noble gas composition. These observations seem to indicate that the volcanism occurring at the central axis of the Bransfield Strait started as a marginal basin is still on the evolutional stage to a pure MORB-type volcanism. Ar
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/7894
Conference Name
EGU General Assembly 2009
Conference Place
EGU General Assembly 2009
Conference Date
2009.04.20~
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