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High protein assimilation of the phytoplankton in the Chukchi Sea

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Title
High protein assimilation of the phytoplankton in the Chukchi Sea
Other Titles
척치해 식물플랑크톤의 높은 단백질 동화
Authors
Lee, Sang H.
Terry E. Whitledge
Kim, Hak Jun
Keywords
Chukchi Sea; Lipids; Photosynthetic allocations; Phytoplankton; Proteins
Issue Date
2009
Citation
Lee, Sang H., Terry E. Whitledge, Kim, Hak Jun. 2009. High protein assimilation of the phytoplankton in the Chukchi Sea. Alaska Marine Science. Alaska Marine Science. 2009.01.19~.
Abstract
High incorporation of carbon into proteins and low incorporation into lipids were a characteristic pattern of the photosynthetic allocations through the euphotic water columns in the Chukchi Sea in 2004. According to earlier studies, this indicates that phytoplankton had no nitrogen limitation and a physiologically healthy condition, at least during the cruise period in 2004. This is an interesting result, especially for the phytoplankton in the Alaskan Coastal Water mass dominated region in the Chukchi Sea which has been thought to be nitrogen limited. The relatively high ammonium concentration is believed to have supported the nitrogen demand of the phytoplankton in the region where small cells (< 5 µ
m) were composed of about 50% of the community since they prefer assimilated nitrogen such as ammonium. In fact, a small cell-size community of phytoplankton incorporated much more carbon into proteins in nitrate-depleted water suggesting that small phytoplankton had less nitrogen stress than large phytoplankton. If the high protein assimilation of the phytoplankton in 2004 is a general pattern of the photosynthetic allocations in the Chukchi Sea, they could provide nitrogen-sufficient food for the highest benthic faunal biomass sustaining large populations of benthic-feeding marine mammals and seabirds at higher trophic levels in the food chain in the Arctic Ocean.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/7920
Conference Name
Alaska Marine Science
Conference Place
Alaska Marine Science
Conference Date
2009.01.19~
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