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Climate response to prescribed forcing for current and pre-industrial state

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Title
Climate response to prescribed forcing for current and pre-industrial state
Other Titles
산업화 이전과 현재 기후의 경계 조건에 대한 기후 반응 : 극진동과 표층기온의 관계
Authors
Woo, Sung-Ho
Kim, Baek-Min
Kim, Seong-Joong
Keywords
Arctic Oscillation; CAM3; climate change; surface temperature
Issue Date
2009
Citation
Woo, Sung-Ho, Kim, Baek-Min, Kim, Seong-Joong. 2009. Climate response to prescribed forcing for current and pre-industrial state. 한국 제4기학회. 한국 제4기학회. 2009.11.20~.
Abstract
In present study, we analyzed the climate change by anthropogenic effect from the comparison of pre-industrial with current climate simulation. The temperature and precipitation are key variables to influence on the change of the climate and ecosystem directly. Therefore we focused on the change of the temperature and precipitation between pre-industrial and current climate. Numerical model used in this research is CAM3 (Community Atmospheric model version 3), which is the fifth generation of the NCAR atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) and atmosphere component of the CCSM (Community Climate System Model). Horizontal resolution is 1° x 1.25° with 26 vertical levels. The anthropogenic effect is represented as prescribed boundary conditions of sea surface temperature (SST) and green house gases (GHG) concentration for the pre-industrial and current conditions. To validate the model, the current simulation is compared with observation (NCEP reanalysis). General patterns of temperature and precipitation in current run are in a good agreement with observations. However, discrepancies are found in some regions especially for precipitation. In June-July-August (JJA), precipitation associated with the Asian summer monsoon is smaller than observations and precipitation over central Indian Ocean is substantially larger than observations while it is weaker in the western Pacific. In December-January-Febrary (DJF), although the SPCZ is well represented, its intensity is much weaker than observations. Compared with climate for the pre-industrial period, the surface warming is recorded over the mid-latitudes. However, the surface cooling is also detected in some regions such as Alaska in boreal winter and North Pacific in boreal summer. These regional warmings are presumably driven by the difference of heat balance by a change in surface conditions and atmospheric circulation in local and globe. More in-depth analysis is needed to find out the causes of the re
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/7974
Conference Name
한국 제4기학회
Conference Place
한국 제4기학회
Conference Date
2009.11.20~
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