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Heterogeneous molecular composition of hydrate-bound gas in subsurface sediments from offshore Sakhalin Island, Sea of Okhotsk.

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Title
Heterogeneous molecular composition of hydrate-bound gas in subsurface sediments from offshore Sakhalin Island, Sea of Okhotsk.
Other Titles
오호츠크해 사할린섬 연안 표층퇴적물의 하이드레이트 가스의 불균질 분자 성분
Authors
Obzhirov A.
Shoji H.
Sakagami H.
Takahashi N
Minami H.
Hachikubo A.
Jin, Young Keun
Keywords
AOM; Okhotsk Sea; gas hydrate; hydrate-bound gas; molecules
Issue Date
2010
Citation
Obzhirov A., et al. 2010. Heterogeneous molecular composition of hydrate-bound gas in subsurface sediments from offshore Sakhalin Island, Sea of Okhotsk.. 10th International Conference on Gas in Marine Sediments. 10th International Conference on Gas in Marine Sediments. 2010.09.08~.
Abstract
Gas hydrates are crystalline clathrate compounds composed of water and gas molecules that are stable at low temperature, high partial pressure of each gas component, and high gas concentration. Natural gas hydrates retrieved off Sakhalin Island, the Sea of Okhotsk contain not only methane but also small amounts of other higher hydrocarbons (ethane, propane, etc.), CO2, and H2S. Gas chromatography reveals molecular composition of hydrate-bound gas by a dissociation of some amount of the sample
however, the sample size may affect the result of gas analysis due to the mixing scale of guest gases in the hydrate phase. In this work, heterogeneous molecular composition of hydrate-bound gas was investigated. The samples were retrieved off Sakhalin Island, the Sea of Okhotsk within the framework of the CHAOS (hydroCarbon Hydrate Accumulations in the Okhotsk Sea) and the SSGH (Sakhalin Slope Gas Hydrate) projects from 2003 to 2009. Our Raman spectrometer (RMP-210, JASCO) can provide small laser spot (about 50μm in diameter) and we can check such heterogeneity at this scale. We found some differences in H2S composition in the hydrate samples of the Sea of Okhotsk. Besides this, a ratio of cage occupancies of H2S molecules between large and small cages was also estimated from their Raman spectra. These results indicated that H2S molecules are rather encaged in the small cages in contrast to methane molecules. Calorimetric study by using a heat-flow calorimeter (BT2.15, Setaram) showed that the gas composition changed with the process of dissociation. We propose that H2S molecules formed by AOM (anaerobic oxidation of methane) process intruded secondary into the hydrate phase.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/8067
Conference Name
10th International Conference on Gas in Marine Sediments
Conference Place
10th International Conference on Gas in Marine Sediments
Conference Date
2010.09.08~
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