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Constitutive expression of DREB/CBF-like genes from an Antarcticvascular plant Deschampsia antarctica, resulted in improved coldtolerance in transgenic rice plants

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Title
Constitutive expression of DREB/CBF-like genes from an Antarcticvascular plant Deschampsia antarctica, resulted in improved coldtolerance in transgenic rice plants
Other Titles
남극좀새풀 유래 CBF 유전자들을 이용한 벼의 내냉성 증대
Authors
Lee, Hyoungseok
Kim, Woo Taek
Oh, Tae Kyung
Park, Hyun
Lee, Jong Eun
Byun, Mi Young
Issue Date
2017
Citation
Lee, Hyoungseok, et al. 2017. Constitutive expression of DREB/CBF-like genes from an Antarcticvascular plant Deschampsia antarctica, resulted in improved coldtolerance in transgenic rice plants. XIIth SCAR Biology Symposium. 루뱅대학교. 2017.07.10~2017.07.14.
Abstract
peninsula. In this report, we have identified and characterized two transcription factor, D. antarctica C-repeat binding factor 4 and 7 (DaCBF4 and DaCBF7) as transcription factors functioning in process of cold resistance. Both proteins contain a single AP2 domain and were predominantly localized to nuclei showing traditional feature of AP2 transcription factor. The interaction of DaCBF7 with the C-repeat/dehydration responsive element (CRT/DRE) core sequence (ACCGAC) was also confirmed in vitro. DaCBF4 and DaCBF7 were induced by abiotic stresses, including drought and cold, but salinity induced only DaCBF7. To investigate its possible cellular role in cold tolerance, a transgenic rice system was employed. Both transgenic rice plants overexpressing DaCBF4 (Ubi:DaCBF4) and DaCBF7 (Ubi:DaCBF7) exhibited markedly increased tolerance to cold stress. Their survival ratio under cold treatment were higher than wild type rice plants within range of 3.5 and 5 fold without growth defects; however, overexpression of these genes exerted little effect on tolerance to drought or salt stress. Transcriptome analysis of a Ubi:DaCBF7 transgenic line revealed 13 genes that were up-regulated in DaCBF7-overexpressing plants compared to wild-type plants in the absence of cold stress and in short- or long-term cold stress. Five of these genes, dehydrin, remorin, Os03g63870, Os11g34790, and Os10g22630, contained putative CRT/DRE or lowtemperature responsive elements in their promoter regions. Transcriptome analysis of a Ubi:DaCBF4 transgenic line revealed 22 genes that were up-regulated in DaCBF4-overexpressing plants compared to wild-type plants with or without cold stress. Among them, 9 genes were induced significantly in both transgenic lines in common, which encoding PR protein, protease inhibitor, glutathione peroxidase, malate dehydrogenase, ribonuclease family protein, and several unknown proteins. These results suggest that overexpression of CBF transcription factor genes of D. antarctica directly and indirectly induces diverse genes in transgenic rice plants and confers enhanced tolerance to cold stress across different taxa.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/8274
Conference Name
XIIth SCAR Biology Symposium
Conference Place
루뱅대학교
Conference Date
2017.07.10~2017.07.14
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