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Prokaryotic community structures along salinity gradients of melt ponds on sea-ice floes in the Chukchi Sea

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Title
Prokaryotic community structures along salinity gradients of melt ponds on sea-ice floes in the Chukchi Sea
Other Titles
척치해 유빙 융빙호의 염분에 따른 미생물 군집 구조
Authors
Jang, Gwangil
Hwang, Chung Yeon
Kang, Sung-Ho
Yang, Eun Jin
Keywords
미생물 군집; 융빙호; 척치해
Issue Date
2017
Citation
Jang, Gwangil, et al. 2017. Prokaryotic community structures along salinity gradients of melt ponds on sea-ice floes in the Chukchi Sea. 7th International Conference on Polar and Alpine Microbiology. Katuaq - Culturehouse of Greenland. 2017.09.08~2017.09.12.
Abstract
Sea-ice floes in the Arctic Ocean are extreme environments with variable nutrients, light availability and salinity. Melt ponds are formed on sea-ice in summer by thawing of surface ice and melting snow. Recently, melt pond areas have increased in Arctic summer. In the present study, we had questions (1) who “seed prokaryotes” (Bacteria and Archaea) are in fresh melt ponds in an early stage of development, (2) how they change in community compositions with development of melt ponds, and (3) which environmental factors drive the change of prokaryotic communities. To answer the questions, prokaryotic community structures were investigated using pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA gene for 27 melt ponds (salinity of 0.2-26.8) on 2 sea-ice floes along with ambient seawater in the Chukcki Sea in August, 2014. Eleven and two phyla belonging to Bacteria and Archaea, respectively, were identified in melt ponds. The “seed prokaryotes” in melt ponds (salinity of 0.2-5) were predominantly comprised of Bacteroidetes (44-90%). A drastic change of prokaryotic community structures was observed along the salinity gradient of melt ponds. In the presentation, results will be shown in detail and discussed.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/8307
Conference Name
7th International Conference on Polar and Alpine Microbiology
Conference Place
Katuaq - Culturehouse of Greenland
Conference Date
2017.09.08~2017.09.12
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