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Geochemical signature of methane-related archaea associated withgas hydrate occurrences in the gas-chimney on the Sakhalin continental slope

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Title
Geochemical signature of methane-related archaea associated withgas hydrate occurrences in the gas-chimney on the Sakhalin continental slope
Other Titles
Geochemical signature of methane-related archaea associated withgas hydrate occurrences in the gas-chimney on the Sakhalin continental slope
Authors
Lee, Dong-Hun
Shin, Kyung-Hoon
AKIHIRO HACHIKUBO
HIROTSUGU MINAMI
Gal, Jong-Ku
Jin, Young Keun
Issue Date
2015
Citation
Lee, Dong-Hun, et al. 2015. Geochemical signature of methane-related archaea associated withgas hydrate occurrences in the gas-chimney on the Sakhalin continental slope. ICAMG-8. 제주그랜드호텔. 2015.10.05~2015.10.10.
Abstract
Only 3% of the methane (CH4) in the gas hydrate (GH) bearing sediments is released into the atmosphere as the result of the anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM), which is a specific microbial process (methanotroph) occurring in marine sediments (Juddy, 2004). We investigate the aspect of organic geochemistry in the GH bearing sediment during the project of Sakhalin Slope Gas Hydrate 2014 (SSGH 2014) to identify the molecular and isotopic signature of gas and archaeal lipid biomarkers at the gas-chimney on the sourthwestern Sakhalin Continental Slope (SWSS). At both sites (LV67-07HC and -19HC), the Sulfate Methane Transition Zone (SMTZ) is located at a different sedimentary depth (110 cmbsf at LV67-07HC and 350 cmbsf at LV67-19HC) due to the differences in the biogeochemical sedimentary environments and upwardly CH4 flux. The carbon isotope values of methane collected from the GH bearing sediment (δV67-07HC) suggests that CH4 is mostly produced by thermogenic sources rather than microbial carbon dioxide reduction (LV67-19HC). Moreover, the isotopic fractionation factor near SεTZ in the GH bearing sediment is significantly lower (ca. 20). We consider that abnormally small εC values reflect the faster rate of AOε by the methanotrophic activity. Hence, the methanerelated archaeal lipids (archaeol and sn-2-hydroxyarchaeol) are present in relatively high concentrations and have strongly depleted-δ13C values in the SεTZ from δV67-07HC. In this core, monocyclic biphytane (BP-1; which is mainly derived from GDGT-1, produced by the Euryarchaeota) become also predominant and exhibit depleted-δ13C values (?96.4‰ to ?89.2‰), indicating that methanotrophs consume CH4 as carbon source. The molecular and isotopic signature of gas and methane-related archaeal lipid may thus be used as a robust indicator for the migration of CH4 flux in the gas phase and AOM processes by methanothrophs as evidence for “microbial filter”.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/8342
Conference Name
ICAMG-8
Conference Place
제주그랜드호텔
Conference Date
2015.10.05~2015.10.10
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