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Isolation and characterization of cysteine-rich ice-binding protein secreted from Antarctic microalga, Chloromonas sp.

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Title
Isolation and characterization of cysteine-rich ice-binding protein secreted from Antarctic microalga, Chloromonas sp.
Other Titles
남극 미세조 Chloromonas sp. 에서 분비되는 다수의 Cysteine 잔기를 가진 얼음결합 단백질의 유전자 분리 및 단백질 특성 분석
Authors
Jung, Woongsic
Jin, EonSeon
Gwak, Yunho
Issue Date
2014
Citation
Jung, Woongsic, Jin, EonSeon, Gwak, Yunho. 2014. Isolation and characterization of cysteine-rich ice-binding protein secreted from Antarctic microalga, Chloromonas sp.. 2014년 완도 국제 해조류 심포지엄 (WIMAS 2014). 전라남도 완도군 완도 문화예술의 전당. 2014.04.17~2014.04.19.
Abstract
The freeze-tolerant microorganisms in Antarctic regions have produced ice-binding proteins (IBPs) to prevent freezing status and to survive from cold environment. The IBP from Antarctic freshwater microalga, Chloromonas sp., was identified and characterized. The length of the gene of Chloromonas sp. IBP (ChloroIBP) was analyzed to be 993 bps and the molecular weights deduced from cDNA of ChloroIBP were estimated to be 34.0 kDa. The expression of ChloroIBP gene was analyzed to be up-regulated and down-regulated on the thermal and freezing conditions, respectively. Western blot analysis demonstrated that native ChloroIBP was completely secreted into the culture medium. The cross-linking among fifteen Cys residues of ChloroIBP was revealed to influence the in-gel mobility according to the redox condition. The open-reading frame (ORF) of ChloroIBP was cloned and over-expressed in Escherichia coli to characterize the ice-binding activity and to measure the depression of the freezing points below the melting points (thermal hysteresis, TH). Recombinant ChloroIBP (Trx-ChloroIBP) purified by affinity chromatography was investigated to show a dendritic shape of single ice crystals with a TH activity of 0.4±0.02 oC at the concentration of 5 mg/ml. From the homology modeling, predicted three-dimensional protein structure of ChloroIBP was analyzed to be a right-handed β-helix consisted of three distinct β-sheet faces. A conserved region of six T-X-T motifs predicted as ice-binding moieties was located on the b-2 face and was proven to be a region bound to ice surface by PCR-based site-directed mutagenesis. In addition, it was proposed that hydrophobic interactions between hydrophobic residues on b-1 and b-2 face, the region of ice-binding motifs, were critical to maintain the structural topology of ice-binding motifs and ice-binding activity of ChloroIBP.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/8354
Conference Name
2014년 완도 국제 해조류 심포지엄 (WIMAS 2014)
Conference Place
전라남도 완도군 완도 문화예술의 전당
Conference Date
2014.04.17~2014.04.19
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