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Fine-scale analysis of bacterial community structures in a sediment core of the Mendeleev Ridge in the western Arctic Ocean

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Title
Fine-scale analysis of bacterial community structures in a sediment core of the Mendeleev Ridge in the western Arctic Ocean
Other Titles
서북극해 멘델레프 해령 퇴적물 코어에서의 박테리아 군집구조
Authors
Lee, Mi Jung
Han, Duk Ki
Lee, Yoo Kyung
Hwang, Chung Yeon
J. Matthiessen
R. Stein
Keywords
16S rRNA; Arctic; Bacteria; Diversity; Sediment
Issue Date
2011
Citation
Lee, Mi Jung, et al. 2011. Fine-scale analysis of bacterial community structures in a sediment core of the Mendeleev Ridge in the western Arctic Ocean. 한국과학기술단체총연합회. 한국과학기술단체총연합회. 2011.12.08~.
Abstract
Detailed sedimentological and organic-geochemical studies of marine sediments in high- latitude areas can yield important information on paleoenvironmental changes during the glacial-interglacial climate cycles. A sediment core (PS72/396-3GKG), taken from the Mendeleev Ridge in the western Arctic Ocean during the Polarstern Arctic expedition (ARK- 23/3) in 2008, was investigated to establish a precise chronostratigraphy using multi- proxies for reconstruction of glacial history and paleoenvironmental changes during the late Quaternary. Here, in a parallel study, we made an attempt to find if the change in bacterial communities within a relatively well-dated sediment core (spanning ca. 100 ka) could be used a proxy for drastic alterations in sedimentation conditions. Fine-scale distributions of bacterial community were examined using 454 pyrosequencing of the hypervariable regions of V1 to V3 of the 16S rRNA gene in a depth resolution of 1 cm from the surface to 33 cm. In 31 samples showing the success of polymerase chain reaction amplification, 87,015 sequence reads were obtained and clustered 2,532 different operational taxonomic units (OTUs) at the 97 % identity level. Four bacterial phyla including Firmicutes (31-49 %), Proteobacteria (10-39 %), Actinobacteria (20-34 %) and Bacteroidetes (3-7 %) were dominant near the surface (0-3 cm). In most samples below the surface, Firmicutes beca
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/8458
Conference Name
한국과학기술단체총연합회
Conference Place
한국과학기술단체총연합회
Conference Date
2011.12.08~
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